Ancient Egypt

         

Page by Anneke Bart





Kings and Queens
11th dynasty
Mentuhotep I
Intef I Sehertawy
Intef II Wahankh
Intef III
Nakhtnebtepnefer
Mentuhotep II Nebhepetre
Mentuhotep III Sankhare
Mentuhotep IV Nebtawyre


12th dynasty
Amenemhat I (Sehetepibre)
Senusret I Kheperkare
Amenemhat (II) Nubkaure
Senusret (II) Khakheperre
Senusret (III) Khakaure
Amenemhat (III) Nimaatre
Amenemhat (IV) Maakherure
Queen Sobeknefru Sobekkare


18th dynasty
Ahmose
Amenhotep I
Tuthmosis I
Tuthmosis II
Queen Hatshepsut
Tuthmosis III
Amenhotep II
Tuthmosis IV
Amenhotep III
Queen Tiye
Akhenaten
Queen Nefertiti
inscriptions Queen Nefertiti.
Queen Kiya

Smenkhare
Tutankhamen
Aye
Horemheb


19th dynasty
Ramesses I
Sety I
Queen Mut-Tuya,
Ramses II

Queen Nefertari
Queen Isetnofret  
Queen Bint-Anath  
Queen Merytamen  
Queen Henutmire
Queen Nebettawy
Prince Khaemwaset
Temples - Ramesses II
Merneptah
Seti II, Amenmesse,
Siptah, and Tawosret 


20th dynasty

Sethnakht
Ramesses III

Ramesses IV - XI


Cleopatra VII Philopator

Old Kingdom Queens (Dyn 1-6)
Middle Kingdom Queens (Dyn 11-13)
New Kingdom Queens (Dyn 16-20)



Officials, Priesthood etc.
Viziers (New Kingdom)
High Priests of Amun
God's Wives of Amun
High Priests of Ptah
Viceroys of Nubia
Who's who of New Kingdom


Amarna Period
Akhenaten
Queen Nefertiti
inscriptions Queen Nefertiti.
Queen Kiya

Smenkhare
Tutankhamen
Tombs at Amarna
Houses at Amarna

Tombs:
Valley of the Kings,
Valley of the Queens
Theban Tombs,
Tombs at Abydos
Tombs at El Kab
Tombs in Aswan
Early dynastic Saqqara
New Kingdom Saqqara
The Unis Cemetary

Mastabas at the Giza Plateau
Giza Mastabas 1000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 2000 cemetary
Giza Mataba 2300 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 4000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 5000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 6000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 7000 cemetary

Mummy Caches
Tomb DB320
Tomb KV35

The New Kingdom Tombs of El Kab / Nekhen

 
El-Kab or Nekheb lies across the Nile from the ancient city of Nekhen or Hierakonpolis (in Greek). The ancient City of Nekhen  has been the home of quite a few influential nobles through time. At the end of the 17th dynasty and beginning of the 18th dynasty we see two important families emerge from this area.
Ahmose, son of Ebana, began as a soldier under Seqenenre-Taa(II) and foough in the war against the Hyksos. His tomb contains some very important inscriptions which provide us with a lot of information about that time period. Ahmose would eventually become an Admiral in the navy and also be given several posts in the government. His son-in-law Atefrura and grand-son Paheri would become important tutors to the royal princes of their time.
Ahmose called Pennekhbet started his career a little bit later than his namesake. He did become a General in the army, and eventually served in the government as well. He was also at a more advanced age appointed as tutor to the royal princess Neferure, the daughter of the Pharaoh-Queen Hatshepsut. He is also likely the father of Queen Satiah, the first great wife of Tuthmosis III.
Below is a list of the tombs from El Kab. Not much information is available, and most of the data comes from osiris.net. Links to the appropriate places have been provided with the note that the information about Setau and Renni is only available in French.
 
EK1 Tentis,      Late New Kingdom
Title: Sistrum player of Nekhbet  

 
EK2 Ahmose called Pen-nekhbet, Time of Ahmose, Tuthmosis I, II, III and Hatshepsut
Titles: Hereditary prince, count, wearer of the royal seal, chief treasurer, herald [of his Lord, ....]

Wife: Ipu
The tomb also mentions a brother Khaemwese.
 
EK3 Paheri,       Dynasty 18
Title: Nomarch of Nekhen and Anyt, Scribe, Tutor of Prince Wadjmose

Parents: Atefrura (Tutor to Prince Wadjmose)  and Kem (Daughter of Ahmose, son of Ebana);      Wife: Henut-er-neheh
Sons: Amenmose, Rahotep, Teti (Officer of His Majesty);     Daughter: Tadytes,
Brothers: Ahmose, Pamiu
Mentioned in the tomb are: The royal princes Wadjmose amd Amenmose, Djehuty-nefer (The Scribe of the grain), a 'brother' also called Paheri (a scribe?)
http://www.osirisnet.net/tombes/el_kab/pahery/e_pahery1.htm

Paheri with Prince Wadjmose

See also this site by Nofret (carla): http://www.egypt-kemet.com/index.php?id=paheri_01
 

EK4 Setau, First Prophet of Nekhbet, Time of Ramesses III
Father: Huy (shown offering to Re-Harakhti Atum).
The Vizier To is mentioned with reference to a hebsed festival for Ramesses III in year 29. The Vizier Ramesesnakht was apparently a son-in-law of Setau.

http://www.osirisnet.net/tombes/el_kab/renni-setaou/renni-setaou.htm

Setau and his wife (Henut-ty?)

See also this site by Nofret (Carla):  http://www.egypt-kemet.com/index.php?id=setau_01
 
EK5 Ahmose, Son of Ebana,      Time of Ahmose, Amenhotep I and Tuthmosis I
Title: Head of the King's Sailors (Admiral),

Parents: Baba, son of Ra-Inet, (Army commander of Seqenenre-Taa II) and Ebana
Wives: Iput and Kema;       Son: Meky
Daughter: Kem, married to Atefrura (Tutor of the King's Son Wadjmose), mother of Paheri.
Grandsons: Paheri (son of Atefrura and Kem), Heri-iri (son of Atefrura and Sitamun)

Ahmose, son of Ebana, served Kings Ahmose, Amenhotep I and Tuthmosis I.
http://www.osirisnet.net/tombes/el_kab/ahmes/e_ahmes.htm

  Ahmose and grand-son Paheri

See also this site by Nofret (Carla): http://www.egypt-kemet.com/index.php?id=ahmose_01

EK6 Ipusoneb
Near tomb 6 is the unfinished tomb of Amenmose, Baker of Nekhbet.


EK7 Renni , Time of Amenhotep I
Titles: Mayor of El Kab, Overseer of the Prophets. 
Parents: Sebekhotep and Ahmose    Grandparents: Sobekhotep and Idy
Wife: Nehi;    Son: Neferhotep (scribe)

http://www.osirisnet.net/tombes/el_kab/renni-setaou/renni-setaou.htm

mummification scene
See also this site by Nofret (Carla): http://www.egypt-kemet.com/index.php?id=renini_01

EK8 Man (name lost) with wife Ahneferu , New Kingdom
Only the names of the wife and daughters have been preserved.

EK8(a) Bebi , Dynasty 18
Title: Administrator of the ruler's table

EK8(b) Senusert , Dynasty 12
Located west of the tomb of Bebi

EK9 Rensonb ,
Second Intermediate Period
Title: Administrator of the ruler's table.
The lintel and jambs contain a genealogy of Rensonb's wife mentioning Queen Senben (Wife of Neferhotep I and Queen Nubkhaes (Wife of Sebekemsaf II)

EK10 Sobeknakht II,    late 17th dynasty; possibly time of Sobekhotep III (Sekhemre-sewadjtaui).
Title:
Governor of El-Kab
In the process of cleaning the walls between the tomb's inner and outer chambers excavators came upon an inscription believed to be the first evidence of a huge attack from the south on El-Kab and Egypt by the Kingdom of Kush and its allies from the land of Punt, during the 17th dynasty (1575-1525 BC).
An account is given of Sobeknakht’s role in the crisis: of his strengthening of the defences of El-Kab and his mustering of a force to combat the Nubians. There is then mention of a counter-attack southwards and the destruction of an enemy force, a victory secured, we are told, with the help of the deity of El-Kab, the vulture-goddess Nekhbet, who was ‘powerful of heart against the Nubians, who were burnt by fire’. It ends with an account of a celebration in the presence of the Egyptian king (who is not identified by name) and of his endowing of the temple of Nekhbet with a ‘new sacred barque worked in electrum'.
http://weekly.ahram.org.eg/2003/649/he1.htm
http://www.thebritishmuseum.ac.uk/ friends/magazine/pdfs/egypt.pdf


Sources:
1. B. Porter and R.L.B. Moss, Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs and Paintings: V. Upper Egypt Sites, Griffith Institute, Oxford, 2004 (first published in 1937)
2. http://www.osirisnet.net/
[Other sources are mentoned in the text]






Comments: email barta@slu.edu