Tombs at Abydos (Umm el Qaab)


Dynasty 0

Tomb B1 and B2 King Iry-Hor  
Possibly a king dated before the first dynasty. Some Egyptologists dispute the existence of this King.

Tomb B7 and B9 King Ka or Sekhen  
The reading of the name is uncertain.

Tomb B17/B18 Narmer?  
A cylindrical seal impression with the Horus name of Narmer was found.   See comments under B10 below.

Tomb Uj Scorpion

Dynasty 1

Tomb B10 Narmer?
Wife: Possibly Neithhotep (I) She’s known from the royal tomb at Naqada and an ivory lid from the tomb of Djer.
University College Londen website groups tombs B10 with B14 and B19 and attributes all of them to King Hor-Aha. Narmer is considered Dynasty 0 by some while considered Dynasty 1 by other egyptologists

Tomb B19 Hor-Aha
Parents: Hor-Aha was the son of Queen Neithhotep (I), his father may have been Narmer.
Wives: Berenib the possible owner of B14 and possibly Khenthap the mother of Djer according to the Cairo Annals Stone.
“Thirty four small pit graves were found at Aha's complex, containing the remains of mostly young men aged about 25. All were royal courtiers whose services would be required by the king in his afterlife in the Hereafter.” [quote from A]
http://www.digitalegypt.ucl.ac.uk/abydos/abydostombhoraha.html

Tomb B14 Queen Berenib?
Her name is written alongside that of Hor-Aha which leads people to believe she was his wife.

Tomb O Itit Djer
Parents: Most likely Hor-Aha and Queen Khenthap
Wives: Herneith the possible owner of tomb 3507 in Saqqara and Nakhtneith who is mentioned on a Stela in Djer’s funerary complex.
“King Djer had some 318 attendant graves, 76 belonging to females, 11 to males and 2 to dwarfs. According to Mark Lehner these "were probably service staff, priests and entertainers, and not high officials". It is highly unlikely that the attendants were interred one at a time after their deaths, and it is reasonable to assume that they practiced some form of ritual suicide. All the graves, including that of the king himself, came under one roof.” [quote from A]
http://www.digitalegypt.ucl.ac.uk/abydos/abydostombo.html

Tomb Y Queen Meryetneith
Mother of King Den. The tomb and the stela are like those used for kings, but her name is written without a serekh.
http://www.digitalegypt.ucl.ac.uk/abydos/abydostomby.html
http://www.digitalegypt.ucl.ac.uk/abydos/abydosforts2.html

Tomb Z Iti Djet (Wadj)
Possibly a son of Djer.
Wife: Possibly Queen Meryetneith.
Around the main tomb are placed smaller tombs of servants and other people belonging to the royal court. Stelas were found belonging to a lady called Ahaneit, a person called Wedjka, and a person called Ka-hotep. [from B]
http://www.digitalegypt.ucl.ac.uk/abydos/abydostombz.html
http://www.digitalegypt.ucl.ac.uk/abydos/abydosfortdjet.html

Tomb T Semti Den
Son of Queen Meryetneith, and possible son of king Djet.
Wives: Seshemetka, Semat and Serethor. These queens are mentioned on stela found in graves in Den’s funerary complex.
Another Queen mentioned on a stela is Qaineit. It is possible she’s also a wife of Den. The reading of the stela is difficult, but it may read: “provider of Horus, captive of (king) Semty, Qai-Neit”. Hence she could also be a captive of war? A wife from a diplomatic marriage?
http://www.digitalegypt.ucl.ac.uk/abydos/abydostombt.html

Tomb X Merpibia Adjib (Anedjib)
Possibly a son of Den and Queen Seshemetka.
Wife: possibly Batirytes who is known to be the mother of the next king, Semerkhet.
http://www.digitalegypt.ucl.ac.uk/abydos/abydostombx.html

Tomb U Irinetjer Semerkhet (Mersekha)
Son of Queen Batirytes and possibly of King Adjib.
http://www.digitalegypt.ucl.ac.uk/abydos/abydostombu.html

Tomb Q Qebh Qaa
Last king of the first dynasty. Relation to the other kings is not known
http://www.digitalegypt.ucl.ac.uk/abydos/abydostombq.html



Dynasty 2


Tomb P Peribsen (Horus Sekhemib – Seth Peribsen)
The tomb also contains seal impressions of King Sekhemib.
http://www.digitalegypt.ucl.ac.uk/abydos/abydostombp.html
http://www.thebritishmuseum.ac.uk/compass/ixbin/goto?id=OBJ4078

Tomb V Nebwyhetepimyef Khasekhem(wy)
Wife: Queen Nymaathap (I).
Khasekhemwy and Queen Nymaathap are the parents of King Netjerykhet Djoser, who is considered the founder of the third dynasty.
http://www.digitalegypt.ucl.ac.uk/abydos/abydostombv.html


Old Kingdom

Djau Dyn 6 Time of of Pepi I – Pepi II
Brother-in-law of Pepi I; Vizier and uncle of Pepi II and Merenre I.
A stela gives his titles as: The real hereditary prince, count, governor of the pyramid city, chief justice and vizier, overseer of the king’s records, propet of the gods of Buto, prophet of the gods of Nekhen, chief ritual priest, sem-priest and master of all wardrobes, wearer of the royal seal, judge.
Son of Khui and Nebet. Brother of Queen Ankhnes-Merire I and Queen Ankhnes-Merire II

Nehty usurped from Idi
Prince, mayor, sole companion, and chief priest.
Idi was lector priest, royal treasurer, nomarch and governor of Upper Egypt.
http://www.lsa.umich.edu/kelsey/research/Publications/spring2000/abydos.html

Weni also called Nefer Nekhet Mery-Ra, Dyn. 6. Time of Pepi I and Merenre
Governor of Upper Egypt, Chief judge and Vizier.
Father: Iuu, Vizier.
Some of this information was discovered in a recent (2000) excavation by the University of Michigan.
http://www.lsa.umich.edu/kelsey/research/Publications/spring2000/abydos.html
http://members.tripod.com/~ib205/weni.html


New Kingdom

Wennefer Dyn. 19 Time of Ramses II
He was the son of the high priest of Osiris Mery and of a woman called Maiany. The son of Wennefer named Hori also became high priest of Osiris.
http://www.digitalegypt.ucl.ac.uk/abydos/nk/wennefer.html



[A] http://www.egyptologyonline.com/religion_and_tomb_development.htm
[B] http://www.digitalegypt.ucl.ac.uk/abydos/index.html