The Mummy Cache found in KV 35

By Anneke Bart

 

     In Dynasty 21, KV 35, the tomb of Amenhotep II, was used as a cache for the mummies of Tuthmosis IV, Amenhotep III, Merenptah, Sety II, Siptah, Ramesses IV, Ramesses V, Ramesses VI, an anonymous female called the "Elder Woman" (who some think is Queen Tiye, the wife of Amenhotep III), and a further mummy, probably of Setnakht. The mummies remained undisturbed until they were discovered by Victor Loret.

     Below is a list of mummies from KV35. The numbers refer to the catalogue numbers they received. Links are provided to the Theban Mummy Project pages which include photographs and information about the mummies.

 

 

 

No 61069 Amenhotep II Son of Tuthmosis III and Merytre-Hatshepsut The king had been tall for his times and stood at 1.8 m (6 ft)--much taller than either his father or son. His body is that of a robust, strongly built individual.

Amenhotep II was one of only two pharaohs to be found in their own tomb (the other being Tutankhamen)

http://members.tripod.com/anubis4_2000/mummypages1/Aeighteen.htm#Amenhotep%20II

 

No 61070 Anonymous "Elder Woman", Queen Tiye? Some think this woman is Queen Tiye, the wife of Amenhotep III, and daughter of Yuya and Tuia. This is based on the fact that her hair matches a lock found in the tomb of Tutankhamen. The lock of hair was kept in a box with Tiye's name on it. Some have argued that this mummy could actually belong to Queen Nefertiti.

The mummy is described as a middle aged, petite woman.

http://members.tripod.com/anubis4_2000/mummypages1/18B.htm#Tiye

 

No 61071 An anonymous young boy Some thought he was Webensenu, a son of Amenhotep II. Others have suggested this may be Crown Prince Tuthmose, the eldest son of Amenhotep III and Queen Tiye (and the older brother of the heretic King Akhenaten). The boy is estimated to have been ca. 11 years of age at the time of his death.

http://members.tripod.com/anubis4_2000/mummypages2/UnidentifiedandMissing.htm#Unidentified%20Boy

 

No 61072 Anonymous young (wo)man  This mummy has been identified as Queen Sitamun (Daughter-wife)of Amenhotep III) and recently as  Queen Nefertiti (wife of Akhenaten), but indications are (via DNA test) that this person was male. The estimated age varies between ca 15 years to ca 25 years of age at the time of death.

http://members.tripod.com/anubis4_2000/mummypages2/UnidentifiedandMissing.htm#Unidentified%20Woman

 

 

No 61073 Tuthmosis IV, Son of Amenhotep II and Tiaa.

Tuthmosis IV died relatively young, and his mummy indicates he may have died from an illness. Tuthmosis IV had originally been buried in KV43.

http://members.tripod.com/anubis4_2000/mummypages1/Aeighteen.htm#Tuthmosis%20IV

 

No 61074 Amenhotep III?, Son of Tuthmosis IV and Queen Mutemwia.

This mummy is tentatively identified as belonging to Amenhotep III. The mummification techniques are not those used in the mid 18th dynasty, but rather are more similar to those used in the 21th dynasty. Dockets on the shroud do identify the mummy as being Amenhotep III however. Amenhotep had originally been buried in WV22.

http://members.tripod.com/anubis4_2000/mummypages1/18B.htm#Amenhotep%20III

 

No 61079 Merenptah, Son of Ramses II and Queen Isetnofret.

Merenptah was a corpulent old man in poor health at the time of his death. Merenptah had originally been buried in KV8.

http://members.tripod.com/anubis4_2000/mummypages2/19A.htm#Merenptah

 

No 61080 Siptah, Possibly the son of King Amenmesse.

This king had a clubbed left foot, and the suggested cause varies from polio to cerebral palsy. Siptah died at a young age, and was originally buried in KV47.

http://members.tripod.com/anubis4_2000/mummypages2/19A.htm#Siptah

 

No 61081 Sety II, The son of Merneptah and Queen Isetnofret (II or III).

He may have originally been buried in either KV14 or KV15.

http://members.tripod.com/anubis4_2000/mummypages2/19A.htm#Seti%20II

 

No 61082 Unknown Woman D: Possibly Tawosret She was a wife of Seti II, regent for Siptah and later king in her own right. May have originally been buried in KV14.

http://members.tripod.com/anubis4_2000/mummypages2/UnidentifiedandMissing.htm#Tawosret?

 

No 61084 Rameses IV, Son of Ramses III and Queen Iset (ta Hemdjeret).

Ramesses IV followed his father on the throne after Queen Tiye plotted with courtiers and members of the Harem to kill Ramesses III and put her son Pentaweret on the throne. Ramesses IV was approximately 50 years old when he died.

http://members.tripod.com/anubis4_2000/mummypages2/20A.htm#Ramesses%20IV

 

No 61085 Rameses V, Son of Ramses IV and Queen (Dua)Tentopet.

Ikram and Dodson place his age at death as being in the early thirties. He only reigned for some 5 years. The death of the pharaoh at such a young age resulted in the crown passing to his uncle Amenhirkhopshef, who took the throne under the name Ramesses VI.

http://members.tripod.com/anubis4_2000/mummypages2/20A.htm#Ramesses%20V

 

No 61086 Rameses VI, Son of Ramses III and Queen Iset (ta Hemdjeret).

Born as Prince Amenhirkhopshef, he took over the throne when his nephew Ramesses V died at a relatively young age. Ramesses VI only reigned for 8 years and died when he was early middle aged.

http://members.tripod.com/anubis4_2000/mummypages2/20A.htm#Ramesses%20VI

 

The Mummy in the boat: Possibly Sethnakhte.

Not much is known about Sethnakhte. He came to the throne at an advanced age. He was married to Queen Tiye-Mereniset. It is possible that both Sethnakhte and Tiye-Mereniset were related to Ramesses II.

http://members.tripod.com/anubis4_2000/mummypages2/UnidentifiedandMissing.htm#Sethnakhte

 

 

 

Sources/Suggested reading:

1. Bolton, I. The Royal Cache of Mummies (contains some mistakes?) Website:

http://members.tripod.com/~ib205/cache-1.html

2. Dodson A. and Hilton D. The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt, London 2004

3. Forbes, D.C., Tombs, treasures, mummies: Seven great discoveries of Egyptian archaeology, KMT Communications, 1998

4. Miller, W. M. The Theban Royal Mummy Project. The website: http://members.tripod.com/anubis4_2000/mummypages1/introduction.htm