Ancient Egypt

         

Page by Anneke Bart




 

Kings and Queens

4th dynasty
Seneferu, Khufu, Khafre, Menkaure, Djedefre, etc.

11th dynasty
Kings named Mentuhotep and Intef

12th dynasty
Amenemhet I - IV,
Senusret I-III


18th dynasty
Amenhotep I-IV,
Tuthmosis I-IV, Akhenaten, Tutankhamen, Aye, Horemheb, etc.


19th dynasty
Sety I-II, Ramesses I-II, Merenptah, Amenmesses, Tawosret.

20th dynasty

Sethnakht, Ramesses III
Ramesses IV - XI




Cleopatra VII Philopator

Queens (D1-6)- Old Kingdom
Queens (D11-13) Middle Kingd.
Queens (D16-20)- New Kingdom
Queens (D21-29)- Late Period



 

Officials, Priesthood etc.
Viziers (New Kingdom)
High Priests of Amun
God's Wives of Amun
High Priests of Ptah
Viceroys of Nubia
Who's who of New Kingdom


Amarna Period
Akhenaten
Queen Nefertiti
inscriptions Queen Nefertiti.
Queen Kiya

Smenkhare
Tutankhamen
Tombs at Amarna
Houses at Amarna

 
Tombs:
Valley of the Kings,
Valley of the Queens
Theban Tombs,
Tombs at Abydos
Tombs at El Kab
Tombs in Aswan
Early dynastic Saqqara
New Kingdom Saqqara
The Unis Cemetary

 
Mastabas at the Giza Plateau
Giza Mastabas 1000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 2000 cemetary
Giza Mataba 2300 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 4000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 5000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 6000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 7000 cemetary
 

Mummy Caches
Tomb DB320
Tomb KV35



Links

Senusret (II) Khakheperre  

Ca. 1882-1872 BC

Horus name: Seshemtawy
Nebty name: Sekhamaat
Golden Falcon name: Hetepnetjeru
Prenomen: Khakheperre
Nomen: Senusret

Burial place: Pyramid at Lahun


Parents: Amenemhat II and Senet.
Wives:

  • Itaweret Daughter of Amenemhat II and probably wife of her brother Senusret II. Buried in a double tomb wit Sithathormeryet in their father's pyramid complex. Titles: King’s Daughter (s3t-niswt), United with the White Crown (khnmt-nfr-hdjt).
  • Khnemet Daughter of Amenemhat II and probably wife of her brother Senusret II. Buried in a double tomb with Ita in their father's pyramid complex. Titles: King’s Daughter (s3t-niswt), United with the White Crown (khnmt-nfr-hdjt).
  • Neferet II Daughter of Amenemhat II and wife of her brother Senusret II. Known from two statues and possible owner of a small pyramid in the funerary complex of Senusert II. Titles: King’s Daughter of his body (s3t-niswt-nt-kht.f), Great one of the hetes-sceptre (wrt-hetes), Mistress of the Two Lands (hnwt-t3wy).
  • Khnemetneferhedjet I Weret Wife of Senusret II, and mother of Senusret III. She was probably buried in a small pyramid in the funerary complex of her husband in Lahun. She owned a cenotaph in the pyramid complex of her son (Pyramid VIII). Titles: King’s Mother (mwt-niswt), King’s Wife (hmt-nisw), Mistress of the Two Lands (hnwt-t3wy), Hereditary Princess (iryt-p`t), Great one of the hetes-sceptre (wrt-hetes), Great of Praises (wrt-hzwt), King’s Wife, his beloved (hmt-nisw meryt.f), Foster Child of Wadjet (sdjtit-w3djt), Priestess of  Sobek, lord of Sumenu (hmt-ntr-sbk-nb-swmnw), Daughter of Geb (s3t-Gb).


Queen Weret (I?). From the Louvre.


Sons: 

  • Senusret III son of Senusret II and heir to the throne.
  • Senusret-sonbe: Son of Senusret II. Known from a papyrus from Kahun.

Daughters:  

  • Itakayet C? Probably a daughter of Senusret II. Buried in pyramid III, in the funerary complex of her brother Senusret III at Dashur.
  • Neferet B? Possibly a daughter of Senusret II. Known from a papyrus from Kahun.
  • Sit-hathor-iunet: Daughter of Senusret II. Priobably married her brother Senusret III. Buried in Lahun.


Building program:

(Il-)Lahun: The main monument form the reign of Senusret II is his pyramid complex at Lahun. The "Shining Pyramid" was built of limestone and mud-brick. The enclosure seens to have been encircled with trees. M. Verner mentions that the builders made some interesting innovations. The basic plan of the substructure was altered. The entrance to the pyramid was in an unexpected place: under the tomb of a princess.
Another innovation the builders made was a trench dug around the pyramid which was filled with sand. This prevented the substructures from being flooded from below. Any rain would have flown from the pyramid and into this sand filled trench.
A relatively small mortuary temple stood before the east side of the pyramid. The plan of the mortuary temple is unknown.
The Valley temple was located relatively far from the pyramid. The valley temple was destroyed, and may have been quarried for stone in the Ramesside period.

In the northeast corner a small (Queen's?) pyramid was found. The Princess Sit-hathor-iunet was buried west of the hidden entrance shaft. This tomb yielded a very rich find. Funerary equipment and a large collection of jewelry were found by Petrie.

Northeast of the Valley Temple a settlement was found where the temple workers and officials lived. This site is now known as Kahun.



Government
Khnumhotep
, Treasurer., Master of the Double Cabinet.. From a Stela found at Wadi Gasus on the Red Sea.
Nakhti,  Chancellor. His intact tomb was found in 1903 at Assiut (Middle Egypt). Half his funerary goods are in the Louvre.
Djehutyhotep,  Nomarch of the Hare Nome. He lived during the reigns of Amenemhat II (1922-1878 BC), Senwosret II (1880-1874 BC) and Senwosret III (1874-1855 BC). The tomb of his physician Gua was also found (Info from British Museum). Djehutyhotep was the son of Key and Teti, and grand-son of Nehri (possibly the Vizier Nehri from an earlier period).
Khnumhotep II, Son of the Vizier Nehri and Beket (daughter of Khnumhotep I). Khnumhotep married Kheti, the eldest daughter of the Prince of the Jackal Nome. They had sons named Nakht (B) and Khnumhotep III.
Nakht, Nomarch of the Jackal Nome. Son of Khnumhotep II and Kheti.
Khnumhotep III, Counselor, Sole Companion, etc. Son of Khnumhotep II and Kheti.


Army
Hapu
, Officer. Known to have inspected a fortress in Wawat (Nubia) in year 3.



Bibliography / Suggested Reading

  1. Breasted, J.H., Ancient Records of Egypt, Vol I, The First through the Seventeenth Dynasties, 2001 (originally appeared in 1906)
  2. Dodson, A., Hilton, D., The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt, Thames & Hudson, 2004.
  3. Wilkinson R.H., The Complete Temples of Ancient Egypt, Thames & Hudson, 2000.
  4. http://www.digitalegypt.ucl.ac.uk/chronology/senusretII.html











Comments: email barta@slu.edu