Ancient Egypt

         

Page by Anneke Bart




 

Kings and Queens

4th dynasty
Seneferu, Khufu, Khafre, Menkaure, Djedefre, etc.

11th dynasty
Kings named Mentuhotep and Intef

12th dynasty
Amenemhet I - IV,
Senusret I-III


18th dynasty
Amenhotep I-IV,
Tuthmosis I-IV, Akhenaten, Tutankhamen, Aye, Horemheb, etc.


19th dynasty
Sety I-II, Ramesses I-II, Merenptah, Amenmesses, Tawosret.

20th dynasty

Sethnakht, Ramesses III
Ramesses IV - XI




Cleopatra VII Philopator

Queens (D1-6)- Old Kingdom
Queens (D11-13) Middle Kingd.
Queens (D16-20)- New Kingdom
Queens (D21-29)- Late Period



 

Officials, Priesthood etc.
Viziers (New Kingdom)
High Priests of Amun
God's Wives of Amun
High Priests of Ptah
Viceroys of Nubia
Who's who of New Kingdom


Amarna Period
Akhenaten
Queen Nefertiti
inscriptions Queen Nefertiti.
Queen Kiya

Smenkhare
Tutankhamen
Tombs at Amarna
Houses at Amarna

 
Tombs:
Valley of the Kings,
Valley of the Queens
Theban Tombs,
Tombs at Abydos
Tombs at El Kab
Tombs in Aswan
Early dynastic Saqqara
New Kingdom Saqqara
The Unis Cemetary

 
Mastabas at the Giza Plateau
Giza Mastabas 1000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 2000 cemetary
Giza Mataba 2300 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 4000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 5000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 6000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 7000 cemetary
 

Mummy Caches
Tomb DB320
Tomb KV35


Seneferu




(50 years ca 2520 – 2470 BCE)
Horus name: Neb-maat
Nebty name: Neb-maat-nebty
Golden Falcon name: Bik-nub
Nomen: Snefru
(from digitalegypt)


Successor of Pharaoh Huni. Seneferu (Snefru) was the son of Meresankh I, but it is not known if Huni was his father.

Wife:
Hetepheres I, God’s Daughter of his Body. Mother of Khufu. Funerary equipment was found in shaft G7000X in Giza. Pyramid G-Ia may have been built for her. The funerary equipment in G 7000X included:
  • Bed canopy (inscribed), gold covered, presented by Snefru, in Cairo Mus. Ent. 57711 (restored).
  • Bed with inlaid footboard, gold covered, in Cairo Mus. Ent. 53261 (restored).
  • Curtain box (inscribed), gold covered, faience inlaid, presented by Snefru, with King seated on north end, and names and winged disk on south end, in Cairo Mus. Ent. 72030 (restored).
  • Armchair with papyrus-flower decoration, gold covered, in Cairo Mus. Ent. 53263 (restored).
  • Armchair with inlays of Neith-standards on both faces of back, with hawk standing on palm column on arms (wood perished), gold covered, in Cairo Museum
  • Gold fragments with deceased seated smelling lotus, probably from lid of small box, in Cairo Museum.
  • Palanquins (inscribed on back), gold covered, in Cairo Mus. Ent. 52372 (restored).
  • Remains of tubular leather case containing two long staves covered with gold ribbed casing and wooden stick with inlaid Min-emblem decoration, in Cairo Museum. (89619 a and b).
  • Chest with inlaid lid with text and Min-emblem decoration, gold covered, in Cairo Museum. The chest contained a box with eight alabaster ointmentjars (inscribed) in stand, and copper toilet-spoon, a box (inscribed), gold covered, containing silver bracelets with butterfly design, and a head-rest, wood, covered with gold and silver (uninscribed).
  • Sarcophagus - alabaster.
  • Canopic box - alabaster.
(This info comes from Porter and Moss, Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs, and Paintings; Part III; Page 179 - 182. Download from Gizapyramids.org)



Sons:
  • Khufu Son of Snefru and Hetepheres I. Successor of Snefru.
  • Ankhhaf. King’s Son and Vizier (under his nephew Khafre). Buried in G7510. A famous bust of Ankhhaf is now in the Boston Museum of Fine Arts. Ankhhaf was married to the King’s Daughter Hetepheres.



Prince Ankhhaf

  • Kanefer. Eldest King’s Son of his Body. Buried in tomb 28 in Dashur. Son of Snefru. Second Vizier of Snefru, continued to serve Khufu. (A History of Ancient Egypt By Nicolas-Christophe Grimal - pg 68)
  • Nefermaat. Probably son of Snefru. His wife was named Atet (from their tomb in Meidum) Titles: Priest of Bastet, Hereditary Prince, Guardian of Nekhen, great one of the five at the house of Thoth, etc. First Vizier of Snefru (A History of Ancient Egypt By Nicolas-Christophe Grimal pg 68)
  • ? Netjeraperef. King’s Son. Buried in Dashur.
  • ? Rahotep. King’s Son of his Body, High Priest of Re in Heliopolis. Possibly a son of Sneferu. Buried in Meidum with his wife Neferet. Owners of the famous statues now in the Cairo Museum.
  • ? Ranefer. King’s Son. Possible son of Seneferu. Buried in Meidum.

Daughters:
  • Merytiotes I, Great of Sceptre and King’s Wife. Probably married to her brother Khufu.
  • Nefertnesu King’s daughter, God’s Daughter. Had son named Kaemqed.
  • Nefertkau. King’s Daughter of his Body. Possibly buried in Mastaba G7050. Her tomb dates to the time of Khafre. In the tomb Snefru is mentioned ass wel as Nefertkau's son Nefermaat (from G 7060) and her grand-son Snefrukhaf (G 7070).


Faience beadnet dress from approximately this time.

Built great ships and a palace of cedar. Opened diorite quarries near Abu Simbel. Conducted military campaigns in Nubia and Libya. (Palermo Stone).

Constructed pyramids in Dashur (2) , Meidum and Seila:
Seneferu’s Bent Pyramid in Dashur
Seneferu’s Red Pyramid in Dashur (Kha-Sneferu = Sneferu Shines)
Seneferu’s pyramid in Meidum
Seneferu’s Pyramid in Seila- small cult pyramid.



A stela from Dahshur showing the Pharaoh Snefru
(Photo Jon Bodsworth)



References:

Dodson, Hilton The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt, London 2004
N-C. Grimal, A History of Ancient Egypt
Porter and Moss, Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs, and Paintings; Part III; Download from Gizapyramids.org

































































Comments: email barta@slu.edu