A list of Queens of Ancient Egypt


The names of these Queens and the titles have been taken mailny from:
Dodson and Hilton: The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt
W. Grajetzki: Ancient Egyptian Queens: a hieroglyphic dictionary.
Some information comes from Kitchen's books on Ramesside Inscriptions.

These books have much more detailed information about these Queens :)


Old Kingdom


1st Dynasty Narmer – Hor-Aha – Djer – Djet – Den – Adjib – Semerkhet
Neithhotep: Mother of  Hor-Aha, her husband is unknown but might possibly have been Narmer.
Titles: Consort of the Two Ladies (sm3yt-nbty), Foremost of Women (khnty)
Berenib:  Wife of Hor-Aha Probably the ranking Memphite royal woman of her time.
[no titles]
Khenthap: Probably wife of Hor-Aha. Mother of King Djer.
[no titles]
Herneith: Wife of Djer.
Titles: Consort of the Two Ladies (sm3yt nbty), Foremost of Women (khnty).
Nakhtneith: Wife of Djer.
Titles: Great one of the hetes-sceptre (wrt-hetes), She who carries Horus (rmnt-hrw)
Penebui: Name and title found on label in Saqqara. Probably wife of Djer.
Titles: Great one of the hetes-sceptre (wrt-hetes).
Seshemetka: Wife of Djer or Den? Known from a stela from the funerary complex of Den in Umm el-Qaab.
Titles: Great one of the hetes-sceptre (wrt-hetes), She who sees Horus (m33t-hrw), She who carries Seth (rmnt-stsh)
Semat: Wife of Den
Titles: She who sees Horus (m33t-hrw), She who carries Seth (rmnt-stsh)
Serethor: Wife of Den. Known from a stela from the funerary complex of Den in Umm el-Qaab.
[no titles]
Meryetneith: Probably a wife of King Djet; Mother and regent of King Den
Titles: Foremost of Women (khnty)., King’s Mother (mwt-niswt)
Batir(yt)es: She was probably a wife of Adjib and the mother of Semerkhet. Known from the Palermo stone
[no titles]
Menka: First or Second Dynasty royal woman.
Titles: She who sees Horus (m33t-hrw).


2nd Dynasty
Nymaathap: wife of Kha'Sekhemwy and the mother of Djoser.

3rd Dynasty
Djoser – Sanakht – Sekhemkhet – Khaba - Huni

Nymaathap: Wife of Khasekhemui and the mother of Djoser.
Titles: Mother of the King’s Children (mwt-mswt-niswt), Mother of the Dual King (mwt-niswt-biti), Attendant of horus (kht-hrw).
Hotephirnebty: Wife of King Djoser. Mother of the Princess Intkaes.
Titles: She who sees Horus (m33t-hrw), King’s Daughter, Great one of the hetes-sceptre (wrt-hetes).
Djefatnebti: Royal lady from the end of the third dynasty. She may have been a wife of Huni. Her name appears on a vessel from Elephantine.
Titles: Great one of the hetes-sceptre (wrt-hetes).
Meresankh I: She may have been a lesser ranked consort of Huni and the mother of Snofru,who was the heir and founder of the 4th Dynasty.
Titles: King’s Wife (hmt-nisw)


4th Dynasty
Snofru - Khufu - Djedefre - Khafre - Menkaure - Shepseskaf

Hetepheres I: Wife of Snofru and the mother of Khufu. Her burial treasures are among some of the most beautiful ever discovered. They consist mostly of furnishings and toilet articles including razors made of layers of pure gold.
Titles:  King’s Mother (mwt-niswt), Mother of the Dual King (mwt-niswt-biti), Attendant of horus (kht-hrw), God’s Daughter of his body (s3t-ntr-nt-kht.f)

Meritites (I):
She was a wife of Khufu and the mother of Prince Kewab, and the Princesses Hetepheres II, Hardedef and Baufre'.
Titles: Great one of the hetes-sceptre of Khufu (wrt-hetes-nt-khwfw), Great one of the hetes-sceptre of Snofru (wrt-hetes-nt-snfrw), King’s Wife, his beloved (hmt-nisw meryt.f), Attendant of Horus (kht-hrw), Consort and beloved of the Two Ladies (sm3yt-mry-nbty)
Henutsen: Owner of a  small pyramid beside Khufus' great pyramid in Giza. There is speculation that she may have been Khufus' daughter.King’s
Titles: Daughter (s3t-niswt)?

Khentetenka: Wife of Djedefre.
Titles: She who sees Horus and Seth (m33t-hrw-stsh), King’s Wife, his beloved (hmt-nisw meryt.f), Attendant of Horus (kht-hrw), Priestess of Neith (hmt-ntr-nt)

Hetepheres II: Daughter of Khufu, the wife of Prince Kawab, who was the intended heir of Khufu. After Kawanb’s death, Djedefre took the throne and Hetepheres II became either Djedefre’s wife or Khafre’s. She was also the mother of Meresankh III.
Titles: Great one of the hetes-sceptre (wrt-hetes), Great of Praises (wrt-hzwt), She who sees Horus and Seth (m33t-hrw-stsh), King’s Wife (hmt-nisw), King’s Wife, his beloved (hmt-nisw meryt.f), Priestess of Bapef (hmt-ntr-b3-pf), Priestess of  Tjazepef (hmt-ntr-t3-zp.f), Priestess of Thoth (hmt-ntr-dhwty), Directress of the butchers in the acacia house (khrpt-sshmtiw-shndt), Attendant of Horus (kht-hrw), King’s Daughter (s3t-niswt), King’s Daughter of his body, his beloved (s3t-niswt-nt-kht.f-meryt.f), Daughter of the dual King Khufu (s3t-niswt-bit-khwfw), Consort and beloved of the Two Ladies (sm3yt-mry-nbty), Companion of Horus (smrt-hrw  and  tist-hrw)

Per(Senet):
She may have been a wife of Khephren.
Titles: Great one of the hetes-sceptre (wrt-hetes), King’s Wife, his beloved (hmt-nisw meryt.f), King’s Daughter of his body (s3t-niswt-nt-kht.f).

Hekenu-hedjet: She was a lesser ranked wife of Khephren and the mother of Prince Sekhenkare'. She was buried in the pyramid complex of Khephen.
Titles: Great one of the hetes-sceptre (wrt-hetes), She who sees Horus and Seth (m33t-hrw-stsh), King’s Wife (hmt-nisw), King’s Wife, his beloved (hmt-nisw meryt.f), Priestess of Bapef (hmt-ntr-b3-pf)

Meresankh II: She was a daughter of Khufu. Possibly a wife of King Khaefre.
Titles: Great one of the hetes-sceptre (wrt-hetes), She who sees Horus and Seth (m33t-hrw-stsh), King’s Wife (hmt-nisw), Attendant of Horus (kht-hrw), King’s Daughter of his body (s3t-niswt-nt-kht.f)

Meresankh III: She was a wife of Khaefre and the daughter of Prince Kawab and Hetepheres II. She was the mother of Prince Nebemakhet. (later Vizier), Prince Du(ae)nre, Prince Niuserre, Prince Kenterka and Princess Shepseskau. Her beautifully sculptured and painted rock cut tomb was prepared for her by her mother and is located at Giza.
Titles: Great of Praises (wrt-hzwt), Great of Praise of Thoth (wrt-hzwt-djhwty), Great one of the hetes-sceptre (wrt-hetes), Great one of the hetes-sceptre of the Two Lords (wrt-hetes-Nbwi), She who sees Horus and Seth (m33t-hrw-stsh), King’s Wife (hmt-nisw), King’s Wife, his beloved (hmt-nisw meryt.f), Priestess of Bapef (hmt-ntr-b3-pf), Priestess of Thoth (hmt-ntr-dhwty), Priestess of  Tjazepef (hmt-ntr-t3-zp.f), Priestess of Hathor, Mistress of Denderah (hmt-ntr-hwt-hrw-nbt-iwnt), King’s Daughter (s3t-niswt), Attendant of Horus (kht-hrw), King’s Daughter of his body (s3t-niswt-nt-kht.f), King’s Daughter of his body, his beloved (s3t-niswt-nt-kht.f-meryt.f), Consort and beloved of the Two Ladies (sm3yt-mry-nbty), Companion of Horus (smrt-hrw  and  tist-hrw), Beloved friend of Horus (smrt-hrw-meryt.f)

Khamerernebty I: She was the wife of Khephren and probably the mother of Khamerernebty II. She was buried in a large tomb east of Khephrens' pyramid at Giza.
Titles: Great of Praises (wrt-hzwt), Great one of the hetes-sceptre (wrt-hetes), She who sees Horus and Seth (m33t-hrw-stsh), Mother of the Dual King (mwt-niswt-biti), God’s Daughter (s3t-ntr), Priestess of Thoth (hmt-ntr-dhwty), Priestess of  Tjazepef (hmt-ntr-t3-zp.f), King’s Wife, his beloved (hmt-nisw meryt.f)

Khamerernebty II:
She was probably a wife of Menkaure' and the mother of Prince Khuenre. A statue of her was discovered in the Kings' mortuary complex.
Titles: Great of Praises (wrt-hzwt), Great one of the hetes-sceptre (wrt-hetes), She who sees Horus and Seth (m33t-hrw-stsh), King’s Wife, his beloved (hmt-nisw meryt.f), King’s Daughter (s3t-niswt), King’s Daughter of his body (s3t-niswt-nt-kht.f), Eldest King’s Daughter (s3t-niswt-nt-ht.f-smswt), Priestess of Thoth (hmt-ntr-dhwty), Priestess of  Tjazepef (hmt-ntr-t3-zp.f), Consort and beloved of the Two Ladies (sm3yt-mry-nbty), Companion of Horus (tist-hrw)

Rekhetre:
Said to be the daughter of the Horus Weserib (i.e. Khaefre), and Rekhetre was most likely a wife to King Menkaure.
Titles: Great of Praises (wrt-hzwt), Great one of the hetes-sceptre (wrt-hetes), She who sees Horus and Seth (m33t-hrw-stsh), King’s Wife (hmt-nisw), King’s Daughter (s3t-niswt), King’s Daughter of his body (s3t-niswt-nt-kht.f)

Bunefer:
She served as a prophetess of Shepseskhaf. She dates to the end of the fourth dynasty.
Titles: King’s Wife (hmt-nisw), Great one of the hetes-sceptre (wrt-hetes), Great one of the hetes-sceptre of the two ladies (wrt-hetes-nbti), She who sees Horus and Seth (m33t-hrw-stsh), King’s Wife, his beloved (hmt-nisw meryt.f), King’s Daughter of his body (s3t-niswt-nt-kht.f), Priestess of Hathor (hmt-ntr-hwt-hrw), Priestess of Tjazepef (hmt-ntr-t3-zp.f), Priestess of the Horus Shepsesket (hmt-ntr-hrw-shpss-ht), Beloved and revered priestess of Shepses-nebti(hmt-ntr-shpss-nbti-mryt.f-im3kht.f).



5th Dynasty

Khentkaues: Possibly a wife of Shepseskhaf and / or Userkhaf. Possibly the m,other of Kings Sahure and Neferirkare. Buried in tomb LG100 in Giza. Appears to have served as a regent and may have even taken on Kingly titles. Some of her titles are ambiguous and are apparently open for interpretation.
Titles: King’s Mother (mwt-niswt), Mother of Two Dual Kings (mwt-nswy-bitwy) OR Dual King and Mother of a Dual King (nsw-bity mwt-nsw-bity)

Neferhetepes: She was the mother of Userkhaf. Her husband is unknown.
Titles: King’s Mother (mwt-niswt),

Nefert-ha-Nebti: Depicted in the mortuary temple of her husband Sahure in Abusir. The name is a reconstruction of […]r[…]Nbti
Titles: Great of Praises (wrt-hzwt), She who sees Horus and Seth (m33t-hrw-stsh), King’s Wife, his beloved (hmt-nisw meryt.f), Companion of Horus (tist-hrw)

Repytnub: She was the wife of King Niuserre
Titles: King’s Wife, his beloved (hmt-nisw meryt.f), Consort and beloved of the Two Ladies (sm3yt-mry-nbty).

Khentkaues (II): She was a wife of Neferirkare I. Buried in her own pyramid in Abusir. Mother of the Princes Ranefer (later King Neferefre) and Niuserre.
Great one of the hetes-sceptre (wrt-hetes), She who sees Horus and Seth (m33t-hrw-stsh), Great of Praises (wrt-hzwt), King’s Wife (hmt-nisw), King’s Wife, his beloved (hmt-nisw meryt.f), Mother of the Dual King (mwt-niswt-biti), Mother of Two Dual Kings (mwt-niswtwi-bitwi), Priestess of Bapef (hmt-ntr-b3-pf), Priestess of  Tjazepef (hmt-ntr-t3-zp.f), Directress of the butchers in the acacia house (khrpt-sshmtiw-shndt), Attendant of Horus (kht-hrw), God’s Daughter (s3t-ntr), Companion of Horus (smrt-hrw  and  tist-hrw)

Nebet: Wife of Unas and the mother of Prince Wenisankh. Owner of a mastaba next to the pyramiud of Unas.
Titles: Great one of the hetes-sceptre (wrt-hetes), She who sees Horus and Seth (m33t-hrw-stsh), Great of Praises (wrt-hzwt), King’s Wife (hmt-nisw), King’s Wife, his beloved (hmt-nisw meryt.f), Consort and beloved of the Two Ladies (sm3yt-mry-nbty), Attendant of the Great One (khtt-wr), Companion of Horus (smrt-hrw), Companion of Horus, his beloved (smrt-hrw-meryt.f), Companion of Horus (tist-hrw).

Meresankh IV: Probably a wife of Menkauhor. Buried in tomb 82 in Saqqara.
Titles: Great one of the hetes-sceptre (wrt-hetes), King’s Wife (hmt-nisw), Great of Praises (wrt-hzwt), She who sees Horus and Seth (m33t-hrw-stsh), Priestess of Thoth (hmt-ntr-djhwty), Priestess of  Tjazepef (hmt-ntr-t3-zp.f), Directress of the butchers in the acacia house (khrpt-sshmtiw-shndt), Attendant of Horus (kht-hrw), Companion of Horus (smrt-hrw), Consort and beloved of the Two Ladies (sm3yt-mry-nbty), Companion of Horus (tist-hrw).

Khenut (I): Wife of Unas. Owner of a mastaba next to the pyramid of Unas.
Titles: Great one of the hetes-sceptre (wrt-hetes), She who sees Horus and Seth (m33t-hrw-stsh), Great of Praises (wrt-hzwt), King’s Wife, his beloved (hmt-nisw meryt.f), Companion of Horus, his beloved (smrt-hrw-meryt.f), Consort and beloved of the Two Ladies (sm3yt-mry-nbty), Companion of Horus (tist-hrw).

Khuit (I): This Queen dates to the end of the fifth dynasty. She was buried in a mastaba in Saqqara. Menkauhor has been suggested as a husband, but this is not certain.
Titles: Great one of the hetes-sceptre (wrt-hetes), She who sees Horus and Seth (m33t-hrw-stsh), Great of Praises (wrt-hzwt), King’s Wife, his beloved (hmt-nisw meryt.f), Attendant of the Great One (khtt-wr), King’s Daughter (s3t-niswt), King’s Wife (hmt-nisw)

Nimaathap: This Queen likely lived during the second half if the fifth dynasty. Buried in Giza.
Titles: Great one of the hetes-sceptre (wrt-hetes), She who sees Horus and Seth (m33t-hrw-stsh).

Nebty-nub: Known from tomb in Saqqara, dates to the fifth dynasty or later.
Titles: Great of Grace (wrt-im3t), Great of Praises (wrt-hzwt), She who sees Horus and Seth (m33t-hrw-stsh), King’s Wife (hmt-nisw), Companion of Horus (smrt-hrw), Companion of Horus (tist-hrw), United with He of the Two Ladies (zm3t-nbty)


6th Dynasty

Sesh(eshet): Probably mother of King Teti
Titles: King’s Mother (mwt-niswt)

Iput (I): Daughter of King Unas, the wife of Teti and the mother of Pepi I. She was buried at Saqqara.
Titles: Great one of the hetes-sceptre (wrt-hetes), She who sees Horus and Seth (m33t-hrw-stsh), Great of Praises (wrt-hzwt), King’s Mother (mwt-niswt), King’s Mother of the pyramid Mennefer-Pepy (mwt-niswt-mn-nfr-ppy), Mother of the Dual King (mwt-niswt-biti), King’s Wife, his beloved (hmt-nisw meryt.f), Daughter of the King of Upper and Lower Egypt (s3t-niswt-biti), King’s Daughter of his body (s3t-niswt-nt-kht.f), God’s Daughter (s3t-ntr), This God’s Daughter (s3t-ntr-wt), Companion of Horus (smrt-hrw)

Khuit: Wife of Teti.
Titles: King’s Wife (hmt-nisw), King’s Wife, his beloved (hmt-nisw meryt.f), Companion of Horus (smrt-hrw)

Khent[kaues III?]: Mother of Userkare and perhaps a wife of Teti.
Titles: King’s Mother (mwt-niswt)

[NN]: Wife of Pepi I. She was involved in a harem plot to overthrow Pepi, but apparently was caught before she succeeded. In the tomb of the official Uni there is mention of “a secret charge in the royal harem against the Great of Sceptre”.
Titles: Great one of the hetes-sceptre (wrt-hetes)

Ankhes-en-Pepy I also called Ankhes-en-Meryre I:
Wife of Pepy I. Daughter of Khui and Nebet. Mother of King Nemtyemsaf I.
Titles: Great one of the hetes-sceptre (wrt-hetes), She who sees Horus and Seth (m33t-hrw-stsh), Great of Praises (wrt-hzwt), Mother of the Dual King Kha-Nefer-Merenre (mwt-niswt-biti-kh`-nfr-mr-n-r`), King’s Mother of Kha-Nefer-Merenre (mwt-niswt-kh`-nfr-mr-n-r`), King’s Mother (mwt-niswt), King’s Wife of Mennefer-Meryre (hmt-niswt-mn-nfr-mry-r`), King’s Wife, his beloved (hmt-nisw meryt.f), Attendant of the Great One(khtt-wr), Companion of Horus (tist-hrw), Companion of Horus (smrt-hrw)

Ankhes-en-Pepy II also called Ankhes-en-Meryre II:
Wife of Pepy I. Daughter of Khui and Nebet. Mother of King Pepy II. Sister of Ankhesenpepy I.Ankhes-en-Meryre II was Regent for her young son. She and her brother, Djau raised the young heir and kept Egypt stable until he was old enough to rule on his own.
Titles: Great one of the hetes-sceptre (wrt-hetes), She who sees Horus and Seth (m33t-hrw-stsh), Great of Praises (wrt-hzwt), Mother of the Dual King Men-ankh-Neferkare (mwt-niswt-biti-mn-kh`-nfr-k3-r`), King’s Mother of Men-ankh-Neferkare (mwt-niswt- mn-kh`-nfr-k3-r`), King’s Mother (mwt-niswt), King’s Wife of Mennefer-Meryre (hmt-niswt-mn-nfr-mry-r`), King’s Wife, his beloved (hmt-nisw meryt.f), God’s Daughter (s3t-ntr), This Daughter of a God (s3t-ntr-wt), Attendant of the Great One(khtt-wr), Companion of Horus (tist-hrw), Companion of Horus (smrt-hrw)

Nebwenet: Wife of Pepy I, Buried in a pyramid in Saqqara.
Titles: Great one of the hetes-sceptre (wrt-hetes), She who sees Horus and Seth (m33t-hrw-stsh), Great of Praises (wrt-hzwt), King’s Wife, his beloved (hmt-nisw meryt.f), Beloved King’s Wife of Pepy-Mennefer (hmt-niswt-nt-ppy-mn-nfr-meryt.f), Companion of Horus (smrt-hrw)

Meryetiotes IV: Wife of Pepy I. Buried in a pyramid at Saqqara.
Titles: Great one of the hetes-sceptre (wrt-hetes), She who sees Horus and Seth (m33t-hrw-stsh), Great of Praises (wrt-hzwt), King’s Wife (hmt-nisw), King’s Wife, his beloved (hmt-nisw meryt.f), King’s Daughter of his body of Pepy-Mennefer (s3t-niswt-nt-kht.f-ppy-mn-nfr), Companion of Horus (smrt-hrw)

Inenek-Inty: Wife of Pepy I. Buried in pyramid in Saqqara.
Titles: Hereditary Princess (iryt-p`t), Foremost of the Elite (h`tit-p`t), King’s Wife (hmt-nisw), King’s Wife, his beloved (hmt-nisw meryt.f), Daughter of Merehu (s3t-Mrhw), Daughter of Geb (s3t-Gb).

Mehaa: Wife of Pepy I. Mother of Prince Hornetjerkhet.
Titles: King’s Wife, his beloved (hmt-nisw meryt.f), Companion of Horus (tist-hrw)

Neith: Sister and wife of Pepi II, and probably the mother of King Nemtyemsaf II
Titles: Hereditary Princess (iryt-p`t), Great of Praises (wrt-hzwt), Great one of the hetes-sceptre (wrt-hetes), She who sees Horus and Seth (m33t-hrw-stsh), King’s Mother (mwt-niswt), King’s Wife (hmt-nisw), Beloved King’s Wife of Men-ankh-Neferkare (hmt-nisw meryt.f-mn-‘nkh-nfr-k3-r’), King’s Daughter (s3t-niswt), Eldest King’s Daughter of his body (s3t-niswt-smswt-n-kht.f), Eldest King’s Daughter of his body of Mennefer-Meryre (s3t-niswt-smswt-n-kht.f-mn-nfr-mry-r’), Attendant of Horus (kht-hrw), Consort and beloved of the Two Ladies (sm3yt-mry-nbty), Companion of Horus (tist-hrw), Companion of Horus (smrt-hrw)

Ankhenes-Pepi III: Daughter of Nemtyemsaf I and wife of Pepi II.
Titles: King’s Wife (hmt-niswt), King’s Daughter (s3t-niswt)

Ankhenes-Pepi IV: Wife of Pepi II and mother of King Neferkare (II?). Buried in the mortuary chapel of Iput II in Saqqara.
Titles: King’s Mother of Ankh-djed-Neferkare (mwt-niswt-‘nkh’djd-nfr-k3-r’), Mother of the Dual King (mwt-niswt-biti), King’s Wife of Men-ankh-Neferkare (hmt-nisw-mn-‘nkh-nfr-k3-r’), King’s Wife, his beloved (hmt-nisw meryt.f), This God’s Daughter (s3t-ntr-tw), Foster Child of Wadjet (sdjtit-w3djt)

Iput (II): Sister and wife of Pepi II. She was buried close to Pepi II at Saggara and her tomb contains a version of the pyramid Texts.
Titles: Hereditary Princess (iryt-p`t), She who sees Horus and Seth (m33t-hrw-stsh), King’s Wife (hmt-nisw), King’s Wife, his beloved (hmt-nisw meryt.f), Beloved King’s Wife of Neferkare-Men-ankh (hmt-nisw meryt.f-nfr-k3-r’-mn-‘nkh), Beloved King’s Wife of Neferkare-Men-ankh-Neferkare (hmt-nisw meryt.f-nfr-k3-r’-mn-‘nkh-nfr-k3-r’), King’s Daughter (s3t-niswt), Eldest King’s Daughter (s3t-niswt-smswt)

Udjebten: Wife of Pepy II, buried in a pyramid in Saqqara.
Titles: Hereditary Princess (iryt-p`t), She who sees Horus and Seth (m33t-hrw-stsh), Great one of the hetes-sceptre (wrt-hetes), King’s Wife (hmt-nisw), Beloved King’s Wife of Men-ankh-Neferkare (hmt-nisw meryt.f- mn-‘nkh-nfr-k3-r’), Attendant of Horus (kht-hrw), Consort and beloved of the Two Ladies (sm3yt-mry-nbty)

Nedjeftet: Queen mentioned on blocks found near pyramid of Inenek-Inty. Probably a wife of Pepy I
Titles: Great one of the hetes-sceptre (wrt-hetes), She who sees Horus and Seth (m33t-hrw-stsh), Great of Praises (wrt-hzwt), King’s Wife (hmt-nisw), King’s Wife, his beloved (hmt-nisw meryt.f), Attendant of Horus (kht-hrw)


First Intermediate Period


7th through 10th Dynasties: First intermediate period; information is sketchy.