Ancient Egypt

         

Page by Anneke Bart




 

Kings and Queens

4th dynasty
Seneferu, Khufu, Khafre, Menkaure, Djedefre, etc.

11th dynasty
Kings named Mentuhotep and Intef

12th dynasty
Amenemhet I - IV,
Senusret I-III


18th dynasty
Amenhotep I-IV,
Tuthmosis I-IV, Akhenaten, Tutankhamen, Aye, Horemheb, etc.


19th dynasty
Sety I-II, Ramesses I-II, Merenptah, Amenmesses, Tawosret.

20th dynasty

Sethnakht, Ramesses III
Ramesses IV - XI




Cleopatra VII Philopator

Queens (D1-6)- Old Kingdom
Queens (D11-13) Middle Kingd.
Queens (D16-20)- New Kingdom
Queens (D21-29)- Late Period



 

Officials, Priesthood etc.
Viziers (New Kingdom)
High Priests of Amun
God's Wives of Amun
High Priests of Ptah
Viceroys of Nubia
Who's who of New Kingdom


Amarna Period
Akhenaten
Queen Nefertiti
inscriptions Queen Nefertiti.
Queen Kiya

Smenkhare
Tutankhamen
Tombs at Amarna
Houses at Amarna

 
Tombs:
Valley of the Kings,
Valley of the Queens
Theban Tombs,
Tombs at Abydos
Tombs at El Kab
Tombs in Aswan
Early dynastic Saqqara
New Kingdom Saqqara
The Unis Cemetary

 
Mastabas at the Giza Plateau
Giza Mastabas 1000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 2000 cemetary
Giza Mataba 2300 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 4000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 5000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 6000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 7000 cemetary
 

Mummy Caches
Tomb DB320
Tomb KV35



Links

A list of Queens of Ancient Egypt


The names of these Queens and the titles have been taken mailny from:
Dodson and Hilton: The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt
W. Grajetzki: Ancient Egyptian Queens: a hieroglyphic dictionary.
Some information comes from Kitchen's books on Ramesside Inscriptions.

These books have much more detailed information about these Queens :)


Middle Kingdom


11th Dynasty

Neferu I: The mother of Inyotef II; mentioned on the stela of Tjeti.
no titles known.

Neferukhayet: Possibly the wife of Intef II. Known from a stela from her estate manager Redi-Khnum. May be identical to Queen Neferu I mentioned above.
Titles: King’s Wife, his beloved (hmt-nisw meryt.f), King’s Daughter (s3t-niswt), Royal Ornament (khkrt-niswt)

Iah: She was a daughter of Intef II, wife of Inyotef III, and mother of Mentuhotep II and Neferu II. She was depicted with her royal son on a stela.
Titles: King’s Mother (mwt-niswt), King’s Daughter (s3t-niswt), Priestess of  Hathor (hmt-ntr-hwt-hr)

Henhenet: She was the wife of Mentuhotpe II and was buried in a vast mortuary complex of the King at Deir El-Bahri.
Titles: Royal Ornament (khkrt-niswt), Sole Royal Ornament (khkrt-niswt-w’tit), King’s Wife, his beloved (hmt-nisw meryt.f), Priestess of  Hathor (hmt-ntr-hwt-hr)

Neferu (II): She was the Chief wife of Mentuhotpe II. Had her own rock-cut tomb.
Titles: Hereditary Princess (iryt-p`t),
She who sees Horus and Seth (m33t-hrw-stsh),
Lady of the House (nbt-pr),
King’s Wife (hmt-nisw), King’s Wife, his beloved (hmt-nisw meryt.f)
Lady of all Women (hnwt-hmwt-nbwt),
King’s Daughter (s3t-niswt), KD, his beloved (s3t-niswt-meryt.f), Eldest KD of his body (s3t-niswt-smst-nt-kht.f),
Foster Child of Wadjet (sdjtit-w3djt)

Kawit: She was a royal companion of Mentuhotpe II.
Titles: Royal Ornament (khkrt-niswt), Sole Royal Ornament (khkrt-niswt-w’tit), King’s Wife, his beloved (hmt-nisw meryt.f), Priestess of  Hathor (hmt-ntr-hwt-hr)

Tem: She was a wife of Mentuhotpe II and believed to be the mother of Mentuhotpe III. Her tomb is one of the largest female grave sites ever found.The sarcophagus in her burial chamber was made of alabaster and sandstone.
Titles: King’s Wife, his beloved (hmt-nisw meryt.f), Mother of the Dual King (mwt-niswt-biti), King’s Mother (mwt-niswt), Great one of the hetes-sceptre (wrt-hetes).

Sadhe: She was a lesser wife of Mentuhotpe II.
Titles: Sole Royal Ornament (khkrt-niswt-w’tit), King’s Wife, his beloved (hmt-nisw meryt.f), Priestess of  Hathor (hmt-ntr-hwt-hr)

Ashayet: Wife of Mentuhotpe II. She was buried with the King in his eleborate mortuary complex at Deir El-Bahri.
Titles: Sole Royal Ornament (khkrt-niswt-w’tit), King’s Wife, his beloved (hmt-nisw meryt.f), Priestess of  Hathor (hmt-ntr-hwt-hr), Priestess of  Hathor, great in her souls, foremost in her places (hmt-ntr-hwt-hr-wrt-m-[k3w].s-khntit-m-swt.s), Priestess of  Hathor, Lady of Denderah, great in her souls, foremost in her places (hmt-ntr-hwt-hr-nbt-iwnt-wrt-m-k3w.s-khntit-m-swt.s),

Kemsit:
She was a royal companion of Mentuhotpe II. She was buried in the Kings' mortuary complex.
Royal Ornament (khkrt-niswt), Sole Royal Ornament (khkrt-niswt-w’tit), King’s Wife, his beloved (hmt-nisw meryt.f), Priestess of  Hathor (hmt-ntr-hwt-hr)

Imi: Mother of Mentuhotpe IV.
Titles: King’s Mother (mwt-niswt)


12th Dynasty

Nefret: Mother of Amenemhet I.
Titles: King’s Mother (mwt-niswt)

Neferitatjenen: Wife of Amenemhet I and the mother of Senwosret I.
Titles: King’s Mother (mwt-niswt)

Neferu (III): Daughter of Amenemhet I. Wife of Senwosret I and the mother of Amenemhet II. Had her own pyramid in her husband’s pyramid complex in Lisht. May have been buried near her son in Dashur.
Titles: Hereditary Princess (iryt-p`t), Great of Praises (wrt-hzwt), Mother of the Dual King (mwt-niswt-biti), King’s Daughter (s3t-niswt), King’s Wife (hmt-nisw), King’s Wife in United with the places of  Kheperkare (hmt-niswt-m-khnmt-swt-khpr-k3-r’), King’s Wife in United with the places of  Senusret (hmt-niswt-m-khnmt-swt-[zi-n-wsrt]), Lady of all Women (hnwt-hmwt-nbwt), King’s Daughter of his body (s3t-niswt-nt-kht.f), King’s Daughter in High in the beauty of Amenemhat (s3t-niswt-m-k3i-nfrw-imn-m-h’t)

Senet: Likely a wife of Amenemhat II and the mother of  Senwosret II. Known from statues in the Delta.
Titles: Hereditary Princess (iryt-p`t), King’s Mother (mwt-niswt), King’s Wife (hmt-nisw).

Kaneferu: Possibly a wife of Amenemhat II. Named with him on a seal.
Title: Mistress of All Women.

Keminub: Wife of Amenemhet II. Buried in tomb in her husband’s funerary complex in Dashur.
Titles: King’s Wife (hmt-nisw).

Itaweret: Daughter of Amenemhat II and possibly a wife of  Senwosret II. Buried in double tomb with Sit-Hathor-Iunet.
Titles: King’s Daughter (s3t-niswt), United with the White Crown (khnmt-nfr-hdjt).

Khnemet: Daughter of Amenemhat II. Possibly a wife of  Senwosret II. Buried in in a daouble tomb with the king’s daughter Ita (another daughter of Amenemhat II).
Titles: King’s Daughter (s3t-niswt), United with the White Crown (khnmt-nfr-hdjt).

Neferet: Daughter of Amenemhat II. Wife of Senwosret II. Possibly buried in a small pyramid in Lahun (near Senwosret II)
Titles: King’s Daughter of his body (s3t-niswt-nt-kht.f), Great one of the hetes-sceptre (wrt-hetes), Mistress of the Two Lands (hnwt-t3wy).

Khnemet-nefer-hedjet I named Weret: Wife of Senwosret II, mother of Senwosret III. Prabably buried in a small pyramid in Lahun (near Senwosret II)
Titles: King’s Mother (mwt-niswt), King’s Wife (hmt-nisw), Mistress of the Two Lands (hnwt-t3wy), Hereditary Princess (iryt-p`t), Great one of the hetes-sceptre (wrt-hetes), Great of Praises (wrt-hzwt), King’s Wife, his beloved (hmt-nisw meryt.f), Foster Child of Wadjet (sdjtit-w3djt), Priestess of  Sobek, lord of Sumenu (hmt-ntr-sbk-nb-swmnw), Daughter of Geb (s3t-Gb).

Sit-Hathor-Iunet: Wife of Senwosret III.
Titles: King’s Daughter (s3t-niswt), King’s Wife (hmt-nisw)

Mertseger: Wife of Senwosret III. Only mentioned in later sources (i.e the new kingdom temple in Semna).
Titles: King’s Wife (hmt-nisw), Great King’s Wife (hmt-niswt-wrt)

Khnemet-nefer-hedjet II named Weret:
Wife of Senwosret III. Her skeleton appears to be of a woman about seventy years old.
Titles: King’s Wife (hmt-nisw), Great one of the hetes-sceptre (wrt-hetes).

Khnemet-nefer-hedjet-khered: Wife of Senwosret III.
Khnemet-nefer-hedjet-“the child” is mentioned on a papyrus from Lahun. Possibly Khnemet-nefer-hedjet-khered II ?
Titles: King’s Wife (hmt-nisw)

Khnemet-nefer-hedjet : Wife of Senwosret III. Possibly Khnemet-nefer-hedjet-khered II again? Known from a canopic jar and two scarabs.
Titles: Hereditary Princess (iryt-p`t), King’s Wife (hmt-nisw), Mistress of the Two Lands (hnwt-t3wy)

Neferhenut: Wife of Senwosret III.
Titles: King’s Wife (hmt-nisw), United with the White Crown (khnmt-nfr-hdjt).

Aat: Wife of Amenemhet III. She is reported to have died at the age of 35, and was buried at Dashur.
Titles: King’s Wife (hmt-nisw), King’s Wife, his beloved (hmt-nisw meryt.f), United with the White Crown (khnmt-nfr-hdjt)

Hetepi:
Possibly a wife of Amenemhet III.
Titles: King’s Mother (mwt-niswt), United with the White Crown (khnmt-nfr-hdjt), Mistress of the Two Lands (hnwt-t3wy)

Nefruptah: She was a daughter of Amenemhet III. Wrote her name in a cartouche at the end of her life. May have been regarded as a potential female ruler. Sister of Sobekneferu.
Titles: Great one of the hetes-sceptre (wrt-hetes), King’s Daughter of his body (s3t-niswt-nt-kht.f)

Nefru-Sobek: She was a Queen-Pharoah and the eighth ruler of the 12th Dynasty. She was probably the daughter of Amenemhet III and the half sister of Amenemhet IV, whom she succeeded. She was mentioned in the Karnak, Saqqara and Turin Kings' list. Three statues of her and a sphinx were discovered in the Delta.




13th Dynasty

Nubhotepti (A): Possible wife of Hor
Titles: Great King’s Wife (hmt-niswt-wrt), United with the White Crown (khnmt-nfr-hdjt), King’s Mother (mwt-niswt)

Seneb[nehas] (A): Probable wife of Khendjer
Titles: King’s Wife (hmt-niswt)

Iy: Wife of Imyromesha or Inyotef IV or possibly Sobekhotep II. Iy was related to the vizier Ankhu.
Titles: King’s Wife (hmt-nisw)

Iuhebitu (A): Mother of Sobekhotep III.
Titles: King’s Mother (mwt-niswt).

Senebnehas (C): Wife of Sobekhotep III
Titles: King’s Wife (hmt-nisw) , United with the White Crown (khnmt-nfr-hdjt), Hereditary Princess (iryt-p`t), Great of Grace (wrt-im3t), Great of Praises (wrt-hzwt), Mistress of the Entire Land (hnwt-t3w-mhw)

Neni: Wife of Sobekhotep III and mother of the Princesses Iuhetibu (B) Fendi and Dedetanuq.
Titles: King’s Wife (hmt-nisw)

Senebsen: Wife of Neferhotep I. Possibly mother of Neferhotep A
Titles: King’s Wife (hmt-nisw)

Tjin: Wife of Sobekhotep IV; Mother of Prince Amenhotep and Princess Nebetiunet.
Titles: King’s Wife (hmt-nisw)

Nubhotepi (B): Mother of Sobekhotep V.
Titles: King’s Mother (mwt-niswt).

Nubkhaes: Wife of either Sobekhotep V, VI or Iaib. Daughter of the scribe of the vizier and great one of the Tens of Upepr Egypt dedusobek and the lady Duanofret. Mother of Duaneferet, Bebires and Khonskhufsy
Titles: Great King’s Wife (hmt-niswt-wrt), United with the White Crown (khnmt-nfr-hdjt), Hereditary Princess (iryt-p`t), Great of Grace (wrt-im3t), Lady of all Women (hnwt-hmwt)

Inni: Possible wife of Aya.
Titles: Great King’s Wife (hmt-niswt-wrt), United with the White Crown (khnmt-nfr-hdjt)

Ahhotepi: Wife and Mother of unknown kings. Known from scarabs.
Titles: King’s Wife (hmt-nisw), King’s Mother (mwt-niswt).

Iuhetibu (Q): Mother of an unknown king, Wife of Dedusobek (A)
Titles: King’s Mother (mwt-niswt).

Neferet (R): Wife of an unknown king. Mother of a princess Hatshepsut.
Titles: King’s Wife (hmt-nisw)

Queens known from seals only:
Aashit: Great King’s Wife (hmt-niswt-wrt)
Ankhmari: King’s Wife (hmt-nisw), United with the White Crown (khnmt-nfr-hdjt)
Wadjet (or Iaret): King’s Wife (hmt-nisw)
Resenufer: King’s Wife (hmt-nisw), United with the White Crown (khnmt-nfr-hdjt)
Mesneb: King’s Wife (hmt-nisw)
Nubhetepti: Seals are known for a King’s Wife (hmt-nisw) and King’s Mother (mwt-niswt) Nubhetepti. Other seals exist for a Great King’s Wife (hmt-niswt-wrt) and United with the White Crown (khnmt-nfr-hdjt) Nubhetepti. It is not clear to me if  these seals refer to Nubhetepti A and B or if there are other royal ladies by that name.
Nehyt: King’s Wife (hmt-nisw), United with the White Crown (khnmt-nfr-hdjt)
Khonsu: King’s Wife (hmt-nisw), United with the White Crown (khnmt-nfr-hdjt)
Sat-(Hathor): King’s Wife (hmt-nisw), United with the White Crown (khnmt-nfr-hdjt)
Satsobek: Great King’s Wife (hmt-niswt-wrt), United with the White Crown (khnmt-nfr-hdjt)
Tati: King’s Wife (hmt-nisw)

 







Comments: email barta@slu.edu