Ancient Egypt

         

Page by Anneke Bart





Kings and Queens

4th dynasty
Seneferu, Khufu, Khafre, Menkaure, Djedefre, etc.

11th dynasty
Kings named Mentuhotep and Intef

12th dynasty
Amenemhet I - IV,
Senusret I-III


18th dynasty
Amenhotep I-IV,
Tuthmosis I-IV, Akhenaten, Tutankhamen, Aye, Horemheb, etc.


19th dynasty
Sety I-II, Ramesses I-II, Merenptah, Amenmesses, Tawosret.

20th dynasty

Sethnakht, Ramesses III
Ramesses IV - XI




Cleopatra VII Philopator

Queens (D1-6)- Old Kingdom
Queens (D11-13) Middle Kingd.
Queens (D16-20)- New Kingdom
Queens (D21-29)- Late Period




Officials, Priesthood etc.
Viziers (New Kingdom)
High Priests of Amun
God's Wives of Amun
High Priests of Ptah
Viceroys of Nubia
Who's who of New Kingdom


Amarna Period
Akhenaten
Queen Nefertiti
inscriptions Queen Nefertiti.
Queen Kiya

Smenkhare
Tutankhamen
Tombs at Amarna
Houses at Amarna

Tombs:
Valley of the Kings,
Valley of the Queens
Theban Tombs,
Tombs at Abydos
Tombs at El Kab
Tombs in Aswan
Early dynastic Saqqara
New Kingdom Saqqara
The Unis Cemetary

Mastabas at the Giza Plateau
Giza Mastabas 1000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 2000 cemetary
Giza Mataba 2300 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 4000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 5000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 6000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 7000 cemetary

Mummy Caches
Tomb DB320
Tomb KV35

Queen Henutmire.


Titles:
Lady of The Two Lands (nbt-t3wy)
Great King’s Wife (hmt-niswt-wrt),
Mistress of Upper and Lower Egypt (hnwt-Shm’w -mhw)
King’s Daughter of his body, his beloved (s3t-niswt-nt-kht.f-mryt.f)

  

Two slightly different renderings of Henutmire's name.

Henutmire's background is rather confusing. She is thought by some to be a sister of Ramesses II, others believe her to be a daughter or even grand-daughter of the King. Some have speculated that Henutmire was the daughter of Princess-Queen Meryetamun and Ramesses. She seems to have become Queen fairly late in the reign of Ramesses II. Possibly after year 38.
Queen Henutmire was buried in the Queen's Valley, in tomb 75. A trough of her coffin was usurped by Harsiese for his internment in Medinet Habu (some 250 years later?).

In the Salt papyrus the foreman Paneb is accused of going into the burial of Queen Henutmire and stealing a model of a goose, which was later found in his home.

In Kitchen's Rammeside Inscriptions several sources are given for this Princess-Queen:

Vatican Museum Statue of Tuya:
On the left side - wearing a uraeus serpent - is the King's Daughter, King's Wife, Henutmire, may she live.
The figure of Princess-Queen Henutmire is carved on the left side of the back pillar. The statue was damaged and likely repaired more modern times. The original image of Henutmire is the part above her waist and just above her bent elbow. It seems that the restorers were somewhat confused and restored Henutmire as wearing a short kilt. This makes her appear more like a little prince. The inscriptions clearly identify her as a Queen though.
             
Henutmire depicted on the side of the Statue of the Queen-Mother Mut-Tuy


A colossus of Ramesses from Heliopolis (Abuqir)

Queen Henutmire depicted on the left side. She's called Bodily King's Daughter, his beloved, Great Royal Wife, Henutmire

   

Henutmire on a statue of Ramesses II - on the right (now in the Alexandria museum).
Click on left picture to see a larger image.
(Photos courtesy Alain Guilleux)



Hermopolis.
On one of a pair of Limestone Colossi (the western one) Ramesses is depicted with Bint-Anath and Henutmire. Both have the titles The Hereditary Princess, richly favoured, Mistress of the South and the North, King's Daughter, Great Royal Wife.

Outer sarcophagus from Medinet Habu (Cairo museum).
She's named King's Daughter, and possibly King's Wife (the latter seems to be hard to read?)


                               

Di Nóbile, Laura, Apuntes sobre Nefertari, Esposa y Reina link
Kitchen, K.A., Rammeside Inscriptions, Translated & Annotated, Translations, Volume II, Blackwell Publishers, 1996
Kozloff, Arielle P. A, Masterpiece with Three Lives—The Vatican’s Statue of Tuya (in Studies in Honor of William Kelly Simpson) pdf










Last edited: January 2007






Comments: email barta@slu.edu