The High Priests of Amun
(Thanks to Sesen and Rozette for some of
I have attempted to provide some references for these officials. This
is not meant to be a thorough bibliography (alas, not enough time..)
but an attempt to show at least some places where the existence of
these individuals is attested.
Thuty: First Prophet of Amun and
Overseer of the treasurers. Time of Ahmose. From funerary cone in the
Metropolitan Museum. The cone is inscribed for “The First Prophet of
Amun and Overseer of Treasurers, Thuty The funerary cones make mention
of “The good God Neb-pehty-Re (Ahmose) (The Scepter of Egypt II, by W. C. Hayes
pg 44 and 59.)
: Known from a funerary cone from Thebes. UC37666.
A heart scarab of Minmontu called Senres is in the collection of the
"The owner of this jadeite
heart scarab was one of the first high priests of Amun of Karnak. His
name was Min-Montu, and he was called Senres, meaning "The brother has
awakened again". It seems likely that an older brother died before his
birth and his parents recognised their dead child in the new-born. He
lived during the reign of the first king of the 18th Dynasty, Ahmose.
The underside is inscribed with the heart spell." Text from the
Global Egyptian Museum (GEM)
High priest of Amun, Temp.
Parents: Hepu (third lector of Amun) and Ahhotep (Royal concubine);
Wife: Amenhotep. Brother: Sa-Amun; Sister: Ahmose; Sons:
Djehutjmes-machet, User-pekht, Aa-cheper-ka-ra-nefer; Daughters: Henut,
Henut-nefert, Sen-seneb, Ta-em-resefu
Bibliography etc (pdf): "Hepusoneb (H
pw-snb), First prophet of Amun, etc., headless, son of Hepu (H.
and Ahhotep (J
), with text mentioning Amun lord of the Thrones of the
Two Lands, in Bologna, Museo Civico Archeologico, 1822. (Probably from
Five cones belonging to Hapuseneb are in the collection of
the Metropolitan Museum. His titles are Hereditary Prince and Count,
Treasurer of the King of Upper and Lower Egypt, First Prophet of Amun,
Overseer of the Priest of Upper and Lower Egypt, and Overseer of All
the Works of the King. The Scepter of
Egypt II, by W. C. Hayes pg. 113
Hapuseneb was the first HPA to also hold the title of
Overseer of the hem priests of Upper and Lower Egypt. The second Priest
of Amun Puyemre was related to Hapuseneb through marriage: he was
married to Hapuseneb’s daughter Seniseneb. Seniseneb was a divine
adoratrice of Amun and a temple singer. Thutmose III: A New Biography, by O’Conner
and Cline (eds) pg. 107, 110
was High Priest of Amun and High Priest of Hathor in Hatshepsut’s Deir
el-Bahari Temple. Thutmose III: A New Biography, by O’Conner and Cline
(I), High priest of Amun, Temp. Tuthmosis III (Possibly TT 86?).
Possibly the uncle of Menkheperreseneb II? It was assumed up
until recently (1990s ?) that there was one High Priest of Amun with
the name of Menkheperraseneb. It was assumed that this individual had
two Theban tombs (TT86 and TT112). There is a precenence for people
with two tomb (Senenmut - favorite of Hatshepsut - for instance).
Recently it seems to have become more widely accepted that there were
two High Priests with the same name.
(II), High priest of Amun, Temp. Tuthmosis III TT 112.
High Priest of Amun, Superintendent of the Gold and silver treasuries,
Chief of the Overseers of Craftsmen
Parents: Amenemhet and Taonet (King's nurse)
Fazzini, Richard A., A Statue of a High Priest
Menkheperreseneb in The
Brooklyn Museum, in: Studies
Simpson (pdf), 209-225. (ill.).
See also funerary cones: UC
37578 - 79
Items of the High Priest(s) Menkheperre-soneb at the Metropolitan
Museum include several funerary cones, a vase inscribed with his
namesfrom Saqqara, and a scarab on which he is referred to by the title
“Overseer of the Crafts of Amun” The
Scepter of Egypt II, by W. C. Hayes pg. 129
Dorman has argued that there are two HPA by the name of
Menkheperre-seneb. A discussion of the identification and dating of the
two HPA can be found in Thutmose III: A New Biography, by O’Conner
and Cline (eds) pg108-109
First Prophet in Deir el Bahari Temple
A funerary cone of the Second Prophet of Amun Ahmose also records that
he was First Prophet of Amun in Henket-ankh (Mortuary Temple of
Tuthmosis III in Thebes) [Hayes pg.118]
Amenemhat, high priest of
Amun, Temp. Amenhotep II (?) TT 97.
Father: Djehutyhotep (wab-priest, Overseer of the sandal makers of Amun)
A funerary cone exists in the collection of University College, London:
Funerary cones of the First Prophet of Amun Amenemhet are in the
collection of the Metropolitan Museum. The Scepter of Egypt II, by W. C.
Amenemhet, high priest of Amun in Karnak left an
inscription outlining his career at
Gebel el-Silsila. Thutmose III: A New Biography, by
O’Conner and Cline (eds) pg.157
Mery, high priest of
Amun, Temp Amenhotep II TT 95 and 84.
Parents: Nebpehtire (First prophet of Min of Koptos) and Hunayt (Chief
nurse of the Lord of the Two Lands).; Wife: Dey
On digitalegypt his titles are listed as: overseer of the
priests of Upper and Lower Egypt, high priest of Amun, overseer of the
fields of Amun, steward of Amun, overseer of the granaries (of Amun),
overseer of the treasury. See UC37790
Bibliography etc (pdf): "Mery (Mrjj), First prophet of Amun , with
mentioning Amun and Hathor mistress of Dendera, black granite in Cairo
The HPA Mery usurped the tomb of the royal herald
Iamunedjeh for himself and his mother Thutmose III: A New Biography, by
O’Conner and Cline (eds) pg. 89
High Priest of
Amen, Vizier of the South, Mayor of Thebes, Overseer of all the works,
Overseer of all the Priests of Upper and Lower Egypt, Fan-bearer on the
right side of the king. Served during the early part of the reign of
Amenhotep III . (Redford thinks he served during the latter part of the
reign.) Ptahmose is also known from a stela now in the museum in Lyon.
Ptahmose is shown with his wife Apeny (Aypy), his sons Thutmosis (High priest of Horus) and Huy
(met jeugdlok) as well as his daughters Nefertari,
Mutemwia, Hemetnetjer, Mutnofret and another daughter named
Varille A. Une stèle du vizir
d'Aménophis III (n° 88 du Musée de Lyon) [avec
1 planche]. 497-507 1,76 Bifao030_art_45.pdf
See also museum
page from Lyon
Funerary cones of the First Prophet of Amun Ptahmose are in the
collection of the Metropolitan Museum. The Scepter of Egypt II, by W. C.
Hayes pg.27 See also: Amenhotep III, by O’Conner and Cline (eds),
Stela of Ptahmose, from Lyon.
This is a low gif image. See pdf file above for original.
of Amen, etc., Temp Amenhotep III. Known from a statue mentioning
Meryptah with Anen, Amenemhat and Si-Mut who were 2nd, 3rd and 4th
prophet respectively. Aldred thinks that Meryptah succeeded Ptahmose
and served until the end
of the reign of Amenhotep III. Meryptah would have served from
ca. year 20 of Amenhotep's reign until the end of that reign.
Meryptah was granted burial in Thebes
(Qurna). Some funerary items were recovered from a pit excavated in the
early 19th century.
Items include a kneeling statue of Meryptah singing a hymn of praise to
Two Theban Notables
during the Later Reign of Amenophis III, by Cyril Aldred
(Journal of Near Eastern Studies 1959)
The Oriental Institute in Chicago has a statue of Meryptah: Meryptah (Mrjj-pt), First prophet of Amun,
etc., with text mentioning
Amun-Re lord of the Thrones of the Two Lands and Ptah [south of his]
wall, in Chicago (Ill.), Oriental Institute Museum, 10796.
Bibliography etc (pdf)
The Metropolitan Museum possesses three stamped mud bricks inscribed
for The First Prophet of Amun Mery-ptah The Scepter of Egypt II, by W. C.
Hayes pg. 306
Sennufer: Sn(.j)-nfr First prophet of
Amun in Khentnufer, Chief steward of the King, Overseer of prophets of
Min lord of Ipu and of
Ptah foremost of ( Tje)nent, etc. Ägyptisches Museum, 21595.
(Probably from Tell Bast), Ref Topographical
Bibliography (pdf - s16)
Priest of Amen
until year 4 of Akhenaten. Redford speculates that Maya is short for
Ptahmose and that Ptahmose served from the end of the reign of
Amenhotep III until the beginning of the time of Akhenaten.
Donald B. Redford: The Identity of the
High-Priest of Amun at the Beginning of Akhenaten's Reign
Wennefer) was High Priest of Amen during the reigns of
Kampp, F., and K. J. Seyfried, Eine Rückkehr nach
Antike Welt, Mainz 26 (1995), 325-342. (ill. incl. colours, plans).
Kampp-Seyfried, Friederike, Die Verfemung des Namens
pA-rn-nfr, in: Stationen.
Stadelmann gewidmet, 303-319. (pl.).
Kampp, F., Vierter Vorbericht über die Arbeiten
des Ägyptologischen Instituts der Universität Heidelberg
in thebanischen Gräbern der Ramessidenzeit, MDAIK
50 (1994), 175-188. (fig., plans, pl.).
High Priest of Amun-Re of Paju; From the time of Horemheb.
Bibliography (pdf - s14) Nebwa Nb-wi, First prophet of Amun-Re of P3-jw (Tell el-Balamûn), son
of Huy H.jj
With wife Mutnefert(t) Mwt-nfr(t),
Songstress of Amun of P3-jw,
in Cairo Mus. CG 883 (JE 29092).
Priest of Amun under Sety I
His wife Merytre was Chief of the Harem of Amun. Both are known from
monuments of their son, the vsier Paser.
Nebneteru Tenry and Merytre are mentioned in TT 106, the tomb of their
son Paser, Governor of the Town and Vizier as well as on statues
belonging to Paser.
Bibliography etc (pdf):
A statue in Copenhagen mentions Paser P3-sr
, Governor of the Town and Vizier, etc. son of Nebneteru Tenry (Nb-ntrw Tnrj)
and Merytre (Mrjjt-r) with
text mentioning Amun-Re, Thoth, etc.
A stamped brick (Museo Arch. Nazionale/Museo
Egizio) can be found on the Global
Egyptian Museum Site. The text reads:
hAty-a n niwt PAsr mAa-xrw sA tpy n Hm nTr Imn NbnTrw Dd-f *nry
Prince and Count, Paser, justified, son of the First Prophet of Amun,
Nebneteru, called Tjenry
Nebwenenef, High priest
of Amun, Temp Rameses II. TT 157.
His wife was named Takhat. She held
titles of Chief of the Harem of
Amun, and Songstress of Isis
Nebwenenef is shown followed by a fan-bearer appearing before Rameses
II and (Merymut) Nefertari in a palace window. Nebwenenef is being
appointed as High priest of Amun (year 1 of Rameses II). Before being
appointed High Priest of Amun, Nebwenenef was High Priest of Hathor at
Dendera and High Priest of Anhur at Thinis. After his appointment as
High Priest of Amun, his son Sementawy became High Priest of HAthor.
This post had apparently always been held by his family.
Nebwnenef's tomb is discussed on the website maintained by the Universities
of Heidelberg and Leipzig.
Nebwenenef was also the owner of a mortuary temple at Thebes.
Nebwenenef is one of only a select group of commoners who were allowed
to construct a temple here. A plan of the temple as well as some
photographs of stelaea and foundation deposits can be found at Digitalegypt
(University College London)
Ritner, R. K., Denderite Temple Hierarchy and the
Family of Theban High Priest Nebwenenef: Block Statue OIM 10729, in:
For His Ka. Essays
statues of Nebwenenef and Takhat (TT157)
Bekenkhons (I), High priest of Amun, Temp. Ramesses II. (TT35).
Parents: Roma (First and Second Prophet
of Amun) and Roma (Singer of Amun).
Wife: Mertesger (Chief of the Harem of Amun)
Jansen-Winkeln, K., The Career of the Egyptian High
Priest Bakenkhons, Journal of Near Eastern Studies, 52 (1993), 221-225.
On the Global
Egyptian Museum Site: "The
rose-coloured granite sarcophagus belonging to Bakenkhonsu, First High
Priest of Amun during the reign of Ramesses II. It is decorated with
representations of funerary deities and bands of text."
(Wennefer) : Time of Rameses II.
Known from a family statue (in
Copenhagen) dedicated to him by his son Ameneminet . The father of
Unnefer is Minhotep, mother Maya.
Bibliography etc (pdf): "Unnufer (Wnn-nfr), First prophet of Amun,
etc., son of Minhotep (Mnw-tp) and Maya (Mj3), dedicated by son
Amenemonet (Jmn-m-jnt) , Overseer of works on all monuments of Ramesses
II, etc., with text
mentioning Amun-Re lord of the Thrones of the Two Lands, Min-Hor in
Koptos, Ptah-Sokari lord of Shetyt, etc., in Copenhagen, Ny
Unnefer was married to Isis,
who was Chief of the Musicians of Amun; From Topographical
Bibliography etc (pdf):
Family group statue of Amenemonet (Jmn-m-jnt)
, Chief of the Medjay, Overseer of
works on the monuments of His Majesty etc., son of Unnufer (Wnn-nfr)
, First prophet of Amun,
and Esi (3st), Chief of the harîm of Amun, with twenty-two
mummiform figures of relatives, in Naples, Museo Archeologico Nazionale
temp Rameses II.
It is possible that this is the
same man who served as Vizier for many
years. If this is the case, then Paser was awarded the position of High
Priest of Amun later in his career. Paser the Vizier was the son of the
high priest of Amun Nebneteru Tenry, but the High Priest of Amun Paser
never refers to his parents in the monuments he left as high priest.
Bibliography etc (pdf): "Paser (P3-sr)
, First prophet of Amun, lower part, with text mentioning Amun, black
granite, now in St Petersburg, State Hermitage
Rama(ray), high priest of
Amun, Rameses II - Merenptah. TT 283.
Statue of Roma-Roy
Wife: Tamut (name in niche in court),
Tabest (name on stela in Museum
On the stela Ramaray is given the titles: The Prince and Count, the
God's Father, clean of hands, Priest of Kamutef, Overseer of the
prophets of all the gods, Third Prophet of Amun, Second Prophet of
Amun, First Prophet of Amun. (H.D. Schneider and M.J. Raven, Life and
Death Under the Pharaohs,
Australia, 1999 (?) , pg 40-41)
: temp Seti II. Son of Rama(ray) (the previous High Priest)
according to a statue mentioned here His titles include: Greatest of
Ra-Atum's seers in Thebes, second prophet of Amun, and first prophet of
Amun. He has a son named Bakenkhonsu.
Ramose : Known
statue. It is possible that Ramose was a high priest of Amun at another
temple (i.e. not Karnak). There was also an active cult of Amun at the
temple of Deir el-Bahari for instance.
Bibliography etc (pdf): Ramosi (R -ms),
First prophet of Amun, holding pedestal with the
Theban Triad (head of Mut lost), Dyn. 19, in auction in Luzern.
Minmose : Known from a statue in
Leipzig. It is possible that Minmose was a
high priest of
Amun at another temple (i.e. not Karnak). There was also an active cult
of Amun at the temple of Deir el-Bahari for instance.
Bibliography etc (pdf): Minmosi (Mnw-ms), First prophet of Amun,
sandstone, end of Dyn. 19 or early Dyn. 20
in Leipzig, Ägyptisches Museum, Inv. 6021.
A High Priest of Amun named Minmose is also mentioned on a
statue of (Pa)Rahotep. On the statue, Rahotep's father the High priest
of Ptah Pahemnetjer is shown with "his brother" Minmose, High priest of
Amun. It is not clear to me if Minmose is a "brother" of Rahotep, or of
Pahemnetjer. The name of Minmose is translated as Amsu-mose, but
the hieroglyphs used are the same as those that are translated as
This statue is mentioned in: Proceedings
of the Society of Biblical Archaeology; v.14 (1891-92)
Hori : High Priest of
Traditionally this High Priest is placed at the end of the 19th
dynasty. Pammiger argues that Hori must date to the reign of Ramesses
II (more precisely ca year 24). Hori is known to have had a son, the lieutenant-commander of chariotry, Kanakht.
Pammiger, P., Hori, Hoherpriester des Amun,
JEA 85 (1999), 226-230.
temp Sethnakht to Ramesses III. Known from several monuments including
a black granite statue at Boston Museum of Fine Arts. Son of
Bibliography etc (pdf): "Bekenkhons
(B3k-n-nsw), First prophet of Amun, etc., son of
Amenemopet (Jmn-m-jpt), head and base with feet lost, with figure of
of Thebes in Djeser (Deir el-Bari) on front, sandstone, now in
Louvre, (Probably from Deir
B3k-n-nsw, First prophet of Amun, etc., son of
Amenemopet Jmn-m-jpt, Overseer of recruits of the temple of Amun, with
mention of deified Amenhotep I, lower part, granodiorite in Berlin,
Ägyptisches Museum, 2082."
Bibliography etc (pdf): "Statue of Bekenkhons (B3k-n-h
, First prophet of Amun, etc., son of Amenemopet
(Jmn-m-jpt), holding ram-headed standard, with text mentioning Amun-Re
lord of the Thrones of the
Two Lands, now in Boston MA, Museum of Fine
Arts, 07.645. (Probably from Karnak.) "
Ramessesnakht, High priest of Amun, Temp. Ramesses
IV - Ramesses IX Tomb: TT 293.
Father: Merubaste (Chief Steward of the Lord of the Two Lands)
Ramessesnakht was married to Adjedet-Aat and had at least two sons:
Nebamun and Amenhotep, and a daughter Tamerit. Tamerit was married to
the Third Prophet of Amun, Amenemope and is identified as the daughter
of Ramessesnakht and Adjedet-Aat in Amenemope's tomb (TT148).
Ramessesnakht's wife was the daughter of the First Prophet of Nekhbet
named Setau in El Kab. Ramessesnakht is depicted in Setau's tomb in El
Kab. (see osirisnet)
It is known that Ramessesnakht went on a quarrying expedition to the
Wadi Hammamat during the reign of Ramesses IV and secured gold and
galena (for eye paint) under Ramesses VII and IX. (f.i. Chapter 2 of Egyptian Historical Inscriptions of the
Twentieth Dynasty by A. J. Peden.) Ramessesnakht was buried
during the reign of Ramesses IX.
Rock cut stela in the Wadi Hammamat record expeditions. In year 3 of
Ramesses IV the High Priest Ramessesnakht lead an expedition consisting
of some 8,368 men including a fully organized division of the Egyptian
army (The Scepter of Egypt II, by W.
C. Hayes pg.371)
Amenhotep, The vizier, great confidante of his
mater, first prophet of Amun-resonther, Ramses IX - XI.
Son of Ramessesnakht.
During the reign of Ramesses XI, the Viceroy of Nubia attacked Thebes
to restore order. Paneshy besieged the high priest at the fortified
temple of Medinet Habu. It is not known if the High Priest, Amenhotep,
survived this attack.
See: The Suppression of the High
Priest Amenhotep, by Edward F. Wente, Journal of Near Eastern
Morales, A. J., The Suppression of the High Priest Amenhotep: A
Suggestion to the
Role of Panhesi, GM 181 (2001), 59-75.
Niwinski, A., Bürgerkrieg, militärischer
Staatsstreich und Ausnahmezustand in Ägypten unter Ramses
XI. Ein Versuch neuer Interpretation der alten Quellen, in:
Gegengabe Brunner-Traut, 235-262. Discusses HPA Amenhotep, Panehesy
Panehesy: The Viceroy of Nubia also became High Priest
Amun? This could be another individual or even another temple though.
A shabti of the First Prophet of Amun Panehesy is in the
collection of the Metropolitan Museum. The Scepter of Egypt II, by W. C.
Herihor: Temp Ramses XI. Herihor also served as general.
Herihor was married to the lady Nodjmet, who may have been a sister of
temp Rameses XI His name is sometimes written as Piankhi. He was
also a general and later founded the 21st dynasty. Possibly son-in-law
of Herihor. Piankhi's wife is named Hereret.
The order and family relation of Herihor and Piankh is not clear. See:
Jansen-Winkeln, K., Das Ende des Neuen Reiches, Zeitschrift für
und Altertumskunde.119 (1992), 22-37.
Rossler-Kohler, U., Pianch - Nedjemet - Anchefenmut --
eine Kleinigkeit, Göttinger Miszellen, 167 (1998), 7-8.
Gundlach, R., Das Königtum des Herihor. Zum Umbruch
in der ägyptischen Königsideologie am Beginn der 3.
Zwischenzeit, in: Aspekte
Festschrift Winter, 133-138. (also discusses Pinudjem I)
For a genealogy of the family of 21st Dynasty HIgh Priests of Amun, see
Pinudjem I: Vizier and Generalissimo. From year 16 of
Nesibanebdjedet I he took on full Pharaonic titles. Son of Piankhi by
Hereret. Father of Djedkhonsiufankh, Masaharta and Psusennes I. Wife:
A shabti can be found On the Global
Egyptian Museum Site
See also: http://www.tt320.eu01.org/pinodjem_i.html
Masaharta: Son of Pinudjem I and Isetemkheb II. Also
Generalissimo. Served from at least year 16 until Year 24 of
I. The mummies of Masaharta, his wife Tahuyeret and daughter
Isetemkheb were found in TT320 (the Deir el-Bahari cache). See also: http://www.cesras.org/Roi/21D/Masaharta.html
Menkheperre II: Son of Pinudjem I. Became HPA after his
brothers during year 25 of Nesibanebdjedet I. Also served as
Sliwa, J., An unpublished stamped brick of Menkheperre, High Priest of
Amun, Studies in Ancient Art and Civilization, Kraków 2
(1992), 23-26. (fig.,
Romer, M., Gottes- und Priesterherrschaft
in Ägypten am Ende des Neuen Reiches. Ein religionsgeschichtliches
Phänomen und seine Grundlagen, Wiesbaden, Harrassowitz Verlag,
1994 Quote from AEB 94.0572:
".. an examination of the titles employed by Herihor
and his successors Paiankh, Painedjem, Masaharta, and Menkheperre."
Nesibanebdjedet II (Smendes II): Son of Menkeperre II and
Isetemkheb III. Served as high Steward under his father and ultimately
became HPA himself. Served as HPA under Amenemipet, Osorkon and Siamen.
Pinudjem II: Son of Menkheperre II and Isetemkheb III.
Followed his brother Nesibanebdjedet II as HPA.
Pinudjem was married to his niece Nesikhonsu, the daughter of the
High Priest of Amun Nesibanebdjedet and his wife Tahentdjehuty.
An inscription on the wall of DB320 mentions: "Year 10 4 prt 20. Day of burial (krs)
of the Osiris, high priest of Amon-Re king of the gods, great chief of
the army, the leader Pinudjem, by the god's father of Amun, overseer of
the treasury Djedkhonsiufankh; the god's father of Amun, scribe of the
army, chief inspector Nespakashuty; the prophet of Amun ...enamun; the
god's father of Amun Wennufer; by the king's scribe of the Place of
Truth Bakenmut; the chief workman Pediamun; the chief workman Amenmose;
the god's father of Amun, chief of secrets, Pediamun son of
Other linen dockets are inscribed with:
"Linen which the high
priest of Amun Pinudjem son of Menkheperre made for Amun (in) Yr 7"
"Linen which the
high priest of Amun Pinudjem (son of) Menkheperre made for Khons in Yr
Royal Mummy Project)
See also: http://www.tt320.eu01.org/pinodjem_ii.html
Munro, I., Der Totenbuch-Papyrus des Hohenpriesters
Pa-nedjem II. (pLondon BM 10793/pCampbell). ISBN 3-447-03843-8
[Publication of the important B.D. papyrus of the High Priest of Amun
Pinodjem II (Pap. BM
London 10793, also known as Pap. Campbell).]
Psusennes? Von Beckerath
the existence of a Tanite king named Psusennes II who reigned
after Siamun, and the existence of a Theban High Priest of Amun
bearing the same name. (from: AEB 92.0450)
von Beckerath, J., Noch einmal Psusennes II., GM
130 (1992), 17-19.
Shoshenq II: Son of Osorkon I and Maatkare II. Served as
HPA at Karnak for large part of his father’s reign.
Known from: A statuette of Bes, dedicated by Sheshonk Ššnk, First prophet of Amun-Re,
Great general in chief, son of Osorkon I, Now in Durham, Oriental
Museum, N.313. Topographical
Bibliography (pdf - s26)
Iuput: Son of Shoshenq I HPA for most of his father’s
reign, and into the reign of his brother Osorkon II. 944-924 BC
This High Priest is mentioned on linenin the cache in DB320.
Year 10 of Shoshenq I/Iuput: "Noble linen which
the dual king (nsw bity) lord of he two lands Hedjkheperre son
of Re lord of appearings Shoshenq-meramun made for his father Amun (in)
year 10; noble linen which the high priest of Amon-Re, great chief of
the army Iuput, true of voice, king's son of the lord of the two lands
Shoshenq-meramun, made for his father Amun (in) Year 10"
Another shorter inscription from year 11 is mentioned (ref: Theban
Royal Mummy Project)
Iuwlot: Son of Osorkon I. Probably became HPA late in the
reign of Osorkon I and served until the early years of Takelot I. He
records the height of the Nile in Karnak in year 5 of Takelot I.
Nesibanebdjedet III: Son of Osorkon I. Served as HPA
during the middle of the reign of his brother Takelot I. He records the
height of the Nile in Karnak in years 8 and 14 of Takelot I. Also
called Smendes. 884-874
Harsiese: Son of Soshenq II. Promoted to HPA under Osorkon II.
[…du/aw…] Possibly Pedubast. Son of Harsiese.. May have become HPA
on the elevation of Harsiese to kingship. 860-855 BC
Nimlot III: Son of Osorkon II. Became HPA after year 16 .
The name of his predecessor […du/aw…] was erased. 855-845 BC
Takelot F: Son of Nimlot III. Followed his father as HPA before
probably becoming a Theban King as Takelot II. 845-840 BC
Osorkon B: Eldest son of Takelot II. Probably became HPA after his
father assumed kingship. 840-785 BC Later took the throne as Osorkon
Osorkon F: probably son of Rudamun and grand-son of Osorkon III. ?
Harsiese B, son of […du/aw…] i.e. Pedubast? 835-800 BC.
Haremakhet: Son of Shabaka 704?-660 BC
Harkhebi: Son of Haremakhet, Grand-son of Shabaka. Served
until at least year 14 of Psamtik I. 660-644 BC
[ 2 unattested HPA or vacant? 644-595]
Ankhnes-Neferibre, The God's Wife of Amun also served as
of Amun. 595-560 BC
Nitocris B, Daughter of Pharaoh Ahmose (II). 560-550?
Pafiy First prophet of
Amun-Re from early Dyn. 26,
From Statue inscription: Pefiy P3.f-jj,
First prophet of Amun-Re, etc., son of Nakht Nh.t (i.e. Harnakht H.rw-nh.t) now
in Moscow, State Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts Topographical
Bibliography (pdf - s20)
Most of this info comes from:
- Cyril Aldred: Two Theban Notables during the Later Reign of
Amenophis III ; Journal of Near Eastern Studies Vol. 18, No. 2
- Dodson and Hilton: Royal Genealogies.
- Hayes, W.C., The Scepter of Egypt
II, ISBN 0-87099-191-4
- Kitchen, K., The Third Intermediate Period in Egypt (1100 -
- Porter,B. and Moss R.L.B.,
Topographical Bibliograpy of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts,
Reliefs and Paintings: The Theban Necropolis, Part One: Private Tombs.
Second Edition. Griffith Institute. Oxford. 1994
- Donald B. Redford: The Identity of the
High-Priest of Amun at the Beginning of Akhenaten's Reign