Ancient Egypt

         

Page by Anneke Bart




 

Kings and Queens
11th dynasty
Mentuhotep I
Intef I Sehertawy
Intef II Wahankh
Intef III
Nakhtnebtepnefer
Mentuhotep II Nebhepetre
Mentuhotep III Sankhare
Mentuhotep IV Nebtawyre


12th dynasty
Amenemhat I (Sehetepibre)
Senusret I Kheperkare
Amenemhat (II) Nubkaure
Senusret (II) Khakheperre
Senusret (III) Khakaure
Amenemhat (III) Nimaatre
Amenemhat (IV) Maakherure
Queen Sobeknefru Sobekkare


18th dynasty
Ahmose
Amenhotep I
Tuthmosis I
Tuthmosis II
Queen Hatshepsut
Tuthmosis III
Amenhotep II
Tuthmosis IV
Amenhotep III
Queen Tiye
Akhenaten
Queen Nefertiti
inscriptions Queen Nefertiti.
Queen Kiya

Smenkhare
Tutankhamen
Aye
Horemheb


19th dynasty
Ramesses I
Sety I
Queen Mut-Tuya,
Ramses II

Queen Nefertari
Queen Isetnofret  
Queen Bint-Anath  
Queen Merytamen  
Queen Henutmire
Queen Nebettawy
Prince Khaemwaset
Temples - Ramesses II
Merneptah
Seti II, Amenmesse,
Siptah, and Tawosret 


20th dynasty

Sethnakht
Ramesses III

Ramesses IV - XI


Cleopatra VII Philopator

Old Kingdom Queens (Dyn 1-6)
Middle Kingdom Queens (Dyn 11-13)
New Kingdom Queens (Dyn 16-20)


 

Officials, Priesthood etc.
Viziers (New Kingdom)
High Priests of Amun
God's Wives of Amun
High Priests of Ptah
Viceroys of Nubia
Who's who of New Kingdom


Amarna Period
Akhenaten
Queen Nefertiti
inscriptions Queen Nefertiti.
Queen Kiya

Smenkhare
Tutankhamen
Tombs at Amarna
Houses at Amarna

 
Tombs:
Valley of the Kings,
Valley of the Queens
Theban Tombs,
Tombs at Abydos
Tombs at El Kab
Tombs in Aswan
Early dynastic Saqqara
New Kingdom Saqqara
The Unis Cemetary

 
Mastabas at the Giza Plateau
Giza Mastabas 1000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 2000 cemetary
Giza Mataba 2300 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 4000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 5000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 6000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 7000 cemetary
 

Mummy Caches
Tomb DB320
Tomb KV35



Houses excavated in Amarna


In the northern suburb we have

T34.1 House of Hatiay
Faience amulets of dogd, faience ureaus frieze? Several cosmetic items including a wooden comb, kohl sticks, a travertine cosmetic spoon, several figurines (fertility figures, animals, bronze pins, knife and needle. Bronze inlaid with silver, possibly a vessel, a model bronze mirror. A round topped stela, non-royal: ape wearing solar disc and horns with altar, on pedestal. There’s evidence of gold leaf on some of the items. There are many vessels, including cups, bowls, Harhor Vessels and an imported Cypriot vessel.
Also included was a possible weight in the form of a gazelle head.
It has been suggested that this Hatiay is identical to the Hatiay mentioned on a stela in Leiden. The steal starts with: "I [Hatiay] was a Master of Secrets, one who saw Re in his forms and Atum in his shape(s)" and continuing with "That is Osiris the Lord of Abydos.... and that is Thoth the Lord of Hermopolis ....".
(WILLEMS, Harco, The One and the Many in Stela Leiden V1, CdE 73 (1998), 231-243.)


In the Central City we have this one where the finds are just really interesting:

R43.2 The House of the King’s Statue
A wood kohl stick, some wood furnishings from a shrine (ten complete and several fragment uraei from cornice of shrine). A pen case inscribed with the cartouche of Amenhotep., and some bronze tongs and chisels. The double feather head-dress from the statue of a queen were found as well as a headless sphinx. Several statuettes were found showing a war crown. There were also several bowls and jugs.
Painted papyrus fragments were found during Pendlebury's last season at el-Amarna in "The House of the King's Statue" and are now in the possession of the British Museum, London (inv.no. EA 74100). From over forty pieces, three scenes have been reassembled, the most complete one of which shows an Egyptian prostrate on the rocky ground, with a figure having Libyan traits and armed with a quiver apparently about to cut his throat. A second scene shows running figures in a rocky landscape. The completely preserved helmeted figure wears a typical Egyptian kilt and an ox-hide tunic with metal edgings. The final and most fragmentary scene shows more running figures, similarly clad and holding batons in their fists. The scenes may indicate Mycenaean mercenaries fighting with the Egyptians against Libyans.
From: PARKINSON, R.B. and L. SCHOFIELD, A Painted Papyrus from Amarna, in: Ancient Egypt, the Aegean, and the Near East. Studies Martha Bell, 401-406. (fig., pl.).
The British Museum has acquired some 40 fragments of a painted papyrus from Amarna (inv. no. EA 74100) with a unique representation of a battle. It was found in 1936 in a building designated House R 43.2, which was probably a chapel dedicated to the cult of a king. The battle scene is preserved in two main areas. The first scene shows a group of Libyan archers attacking an Egyptian, while the second shows a group of running warriors, arranged in two overlapping registers. There is a very fragmentary third scene with similar figures. All the soldiers wear white kilts typical of Egyptian troops. Some wear helmets similar to Egyptian representations of gurpisu helmets worn by Asiatics. These helmets may actually have represented Mycenaean boar's tusk helmets of a type well known from surviving examples and numerous depictions. Some of the soldiers wear oxhide tunics which may have been lined with metal strips. This too is compatible with Mycenaean depictions of warriors. The figures may therefore represent Mycenaean warriors, but it should be realized they are composite representations rather than distinctive portrayals. W.H.
From: SCHOFIELD, L. and R.B. PARKINSON, Of helmets and heretics: a possible representation of Mycenaean warriors on a papyrus from el-Amarna, Annual of the British School at Athens, London 89 (1994), 157-170. (fig., pl. incl. colour).

And in the Central and Southern sections we have:

R44.2 The House of Panehesy, Chief Servitor of the Aten
A stela from the domestic shrine depicts Amenhotep III and Queen Tiye. The Aten name appears in it’s later form dating the stela to some time after year 9. – Cat. Nr 169 in “Pharaohs of the Sun” (BFMA).
Outside the walls of the house a private stela was found depicting two seated men named Menena and Yaya, who are attended by two women named Tashety and Mery. – Cat. Nr 175 in “Pharaohs of the Sun” (BFMA).

M47.3 The house of Ma’Nakhtuf, Master of Works in Akhetaten.
The doorjambs were inscribed with the names and titles of Ma’nakhtuf and are now in Berlin.


N49.18: House of Ranefer
Ranefer was ‘Master of horse of the entire stables’; and ‘First charioteer (?) of His Majesty’. His house and (modest) grounds, with their granaries, are indistinguishable from those of other men with official positions, showing that he farmed lands and maintained at Amarna an essentially domestic establishment.
(see: http://www.mcdonald.cam.ac.uk/Projects/Amarna/2004%20res/Ranefer/raneferindex.htm )
Remains of leather shoes, some copper implements. Faience jewelry including rings bearing the names of Akhenaten and Amenhotep III. Several clay moulds (fruit motif, pendants, etc). The granary area showed mud seals, one showing the royal couple and the Aten, the other a scarab. In the well a limestone trial piece was found depicting “upright human figure with staff; smaller figure; large head”.

P47.1-3 House and Workshop of the Sculptor Thutmose
This workshop yielded the beautiful bust of Nefertiti in 1912. Thutmose was The King’s Favorite and Master of Works. Finds include several heads of Nefertiti, heads of the princesses and plaster heads of other individuals. Other finds include an unfinished statue of Akhenaten kneeling.
– Cat. Nr 42, 43, 44, 45, 132, 133, 139, 140 in “Pharaohs of the Sun” (BFMA).

House of the Vizier Nakht
Aldred describes the mansion of the Vizier Nakht as being located adjacent to the workshop of the sculptor Thutmose. This large mansion had reception halls, bedrooms, a bathroom, a lavatory and offices.

P47.19 House of the General Ramose
General Ramose was also the owner of Tomb 11 in Amarna.










Comments: email barta@slu.edu